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Herculaneum IV.16. Grande Taberna or bar with entrance in Cardo V Inferiore.

Linked to VI.15 and dwelling at VI.12-13. Excavated 1931-32.

 

Wallace-Hadrill described this as a shop, with marble veneered counter, grain and vegetables in containers; food and drink served to clients in rear room (with decoration predating the division of the room for a kitchen).

See Wallace-Hadrill, A., 1994. Houses and Society in Pompeii and Herculaneum. New Jersey: Princeton U.P. (p.201)

 

Herculaneum IV.15-16, plan of Grande Taberna and linked house at VI.12-13.

According to Pesando and Guidobaldi, entrances at 12 and 13 serve the house living quarters.
1 and 2 are two living rooms, on west side of fauces 10, with two well-heads.
Atrium 3 has an impluvium in centre.
Cubiculum 4 opens onto atrium. 
Small triclinium 5, in which was conserved the central emblema in opus sectile.
Corridor 11, from this corridor the living quarters connect with the bar room and connected rooms,
in room 13, served by entrances at 15 and 16 was the grand counter room with evidence of traces of a latrine in the south-east corner.
The rear rooms 6 and 7 on west side of shop-room, and a large room on the south side, subdivided by a rough screen into the actual rooms 8 and 9, all were rooms for the clients to sit and eat.
On the wall of the screen in room 6 is a graffito containing a sentence by the cynic philosopher Diogenes.
See Pesando, F. and Guidobaldi, M.P. (2006). Pompei, Oplontis, Ercolano, Stabiae. Editori Laterza, (p.336-7)

Herculaneum IV.15-16, plan of Grande Taberna and linked house at VI.12-13.

 

According to Pesando and Guidobaldi, entrances at 12 and 13 serve the house living quarters.

1 and 2 are two living rooms, on west side of fauces 10, with two well-heads.

Atrium 3 has an impluvium in centre.

Cubiculum 4 opens onto atrium.

Small triclinium 5, in which was conserved the central emblema in opus sectile.

Corridor 11, from this corridor the living quarters connect with the bar room and connected rooms,

in room 13, served by entrances at 15 and 16 was the grand counter room with evidence of traces of a latrine in the south-east corner.

The rear rooms 6 and 7 on west side of shop-room, and a large room on the south side, subdivided by a rough screen into the actual rooms 8 and 9, all were rooms for the clients to sit and eat.

On the wall of the screen in room 6 is a graffito containing a sentence by the cynic philosopher Diogenes.

See Pesando, F. and Guidobaldi, M.P. (2006). Pompei, Oplontis, Ercolano, Stabiae. Editori Laterza, (p.336-7)

 

According to Cooley and Cooley, the graffito translated as -

Diogenes the cynic philosopher, seeing a woman being carried along by a river said, “Let one bad thing be carried away by another”.   (CIL IV 10529).

See Cooley, A. and M.G.L., 2014. Pompeii and Herculaneum: A Sourcebook. London: Routledge, (p.104, D95).

 

According to Maiuri, this was the largest and richest shop so far discovered in Herculaneum, with two wide entrances, the larger on the decumanus and the smaller on the cardo. The selling counter, with a double podium faced with polychrome marble fragments, is placed well inside the shop so as to offer shelter and rest to customers instead of compelling them to remain on the pavement outside.  There are eight dolia fixed into the base of the counter, which contained cereals and vegetables; another larger dolium is half-buried into a pilaster. There is a cooking stove in the south-east corner. Behind the shop are two rear shop-rooms separated by a slight partition of opus craticium; to the side are storerooms and offices formed by the merchant out of the finely decorated rooms of the original habitation. The position of this shop at an important crossroad, near a public fountain, must have made the fortune of the proprietor  and explained the excellent furnishings of the shop itself, and the spaciousness of the living quarters attached to it.

See Maiuri, Amedeo, (1977). Herculaneum. 7th English ed, of Guide books to the Museums Galleries and Monuments of Italy, No.53 (p.59).

 

Fountain on corner of Ins. IV, at junction of Decumanus Inferior, on right, and Cardo V Inferiore, on left. Looking south. May 2010. Entrance doorway to bar at IV.16, on the right.

Fountain on corner of Ins. IV, at junction of Decumanus Inferior, on right, and Cardo V Inferiore, on left. Looking south.

May 2010. Entrance doorway to bar at IV.16, on the right.

 

Cardo V Inferiore, Herculaneum. October 2001. Looking south towards fountain on corner near Ins. IV 16 on right. Photo courtesy of Peter Woods.

Cardo V Inferiore, Herculaneum. October 2001. Looking south towards fountain on corner near Ins. IV 16 on right.

Photo courtesy of Peter Woods.

 

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Cardo V Superiore, Herculaneum, May 2001. Looking south towards junction with Decumanus Inferiore, on right.

Photo courtesy of Current Archaeology.

 

Ins. IV.16, Herculaneum, September 2015. Threshold of doorway to bar-room.

IV.16, Herculaneum, September 2015. Threshold of doorway to shop-room

 

IV.16, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking south-west across counter.
On the left, in the south-east corner, is a floor of tiles which has been interpreted as the presence of a trace of a latrine. According to Maiuri, there was a cooking stone in the south-east corner.

IV.16, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking south-west across counter.

On the left, in the south-east corner, is a floor of tiles which has been interpreted as the presence of a trace of a latrine.

According to Maiuri, there was a cooking stone in the south-east corner.

 

IV.16, Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking south-west across counter. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

IV.16, Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking south-west across counter. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

IV.16, Herculaneum. October 2001. Looking west across counter.
Photo courtesy of Peter Woods.
In the south-west corner of the counter-room, behind the counter, is a doorway leading to two rooms probably used by the customers.

IV.16, Herculaneum. October 2001. Looking west across counter.

Photo courtesy of Peter Woods.

In the south-west corner of the counter-room, behind the counter, is a doorway leading to two rooms probably used by the customers.

 

IV.15/16, Herculaneum, October 2012. Looking north-west towards room 6, used by the customers (behind the wooden fence).  On the left is the west wall of room 7. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

IV.15/16, Herculaneum, October 2012. Looking north-west towards room 6, used by the customers (behind the wooden fence).

On the left is the west wall of room 7. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

IV.15/16 Herculaneum, October 2012. Looking towards west wall, with niche, of second room (7) for the use of customers.  Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

IV.15/16 Herculaneum, October 2012. Looking towards west wall, with niche, of second room (7) for the use of customers.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

IV.16, Herculaneum. October 2001. Detail of counter-top with inset dolia. Photo courtesy of Peter Woods.

IV.16, Herculaneum. October 2001. Detail of marble veneered counter-top with inset 8 dolia.

Photo courtesy of Peter Woods.

 

IV.16, Herculaneum, August 2013. North end of counter, and display shelving. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

IV.16, Herculaneum, August 2013. North end of counter, and display shelving.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Ins. IV.16 and 15, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking north-west across bar, from IV.16 towards doorway at IV.15 on Decumanus Inferiore.

IV.16 and 15, Herculaneum, September 2015.

Looking north-west across counter, from IV.16 towards doorway at IV.15 on Decumanus Inferiore, on right.

 

IV.16 and 15 Herculaneum, October 2012. Looking north from rear of counter. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

IV.16 and 15 Herculaneum, October 2012. Looking north from rear of counter. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015. Doorway to rear rooms in south-west corner of shop-room. Right of centre, is a doorway leading to the dwelling part of the house.

IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015.

Doorway to rear rooms in south-west corner of shop-room.

Right of centre, is a doorway leading to the dwelling part of the house.

 

Ins. IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking south from doorway

IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking south from doorway into room 8, and across to room 9.

 

Ins. IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking south across two rooms.

IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking south across two rooms.

 

Ins. IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking east in first of the two rooms

IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking east in first of the two rooms, room 8.

 

IV.15/16, Herculaneum, October 2012. Looking east in first of the two rooms, on south side of counter-room.  Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

IV.15/16, Herculaneum, October 2012. Looking east in first of the two rooms, room 8, on south side of counter-room.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking west towards atrium of the dwelling, from first of the two rooms, see also IV.13. The doorway on the left would lead into a small triclinium.

IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015.

Looking west through doorway along corridor towards atrium of the dwelling, from first of the two rooms. See also IV.13.

The doorway on the left would lead into a small triclinium.

 

Ins. IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015. Doorway into the second of the two rooms on the south side of the bar-room.

IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015. Doorway into the second of the two rooms, room 9, on the south side of the bar-room.

 

Ins. IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015. Remains above the doorway.

IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015. Remains above the doorway in room 8.

 

Ins. IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015. South wall.

IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015. South wall of room 9.

 

IV.15/16, Herculaneum, June 2011. Looking towards south wall and south-west corner. Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

IV.15/16, Herculaneum, June 2011. Looking towards south wall and south-west corner of room 9.

Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

 

Ins. IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015. Painted decoration on upper west wall.

IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015. Painted decoration on upper west wall of room 9.

 

An old stone building

Description generated with high confidence

IV.15/16, Herculaneum, June 2011. Looking towards west wall of room 9. Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

 

IV.15/16, Herculaneum. October 2001. Painted decoration from upper west wall.
Photo courtesy of Peter Woods.

IV.15/16, Herculaneum. October 2001. Painted decoration from upper west wall of room 9.

Photo courtesy of Peter Woods.

 

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IV.15/16, Herculaneum. October 2001. Detail of painted decoration from upper west wall of room 9.

Photo courtesy of Peter Woods.

 

Ins. IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015. Painted decoration from south end of upper west wall.

IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015. Painted decoration from south end of upper west wall of room 9.

 

Ins. IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015. Detail of painted panel with bird decoration.

IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015.

Detail of painted panel with bird decoration from south end of upper west wall of room 9.

 

Ins. IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015. Detail of painted figure from upper west wall.

IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015. Detail of painted figure of upper west wall of room 9.

 

Ins. IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015. Painted decoration on upper west wall.

IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015. Painted decoration on north end of upper west wall of room 9.

 

Ins. IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015. Detail from painted decorative panel at north end of upper west wall.

IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015. Detail from painted decorative panel at north end of upper west wall of room 9.

 

IV.15/16, Herculaneum, June 2011. Looking towards west wall and north-west corner. Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

IV.15/16, Herculaneum, June 2011. Looking towards west wall and north-west corner of room 9.

Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

 

Ins. IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015. Doorway in north-west corner of second room on south side of bar-room.

IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015.

Looking towards north wall and doorway in north-west corner of second room, room 9, on south side of bar-room.

 

Ins. IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015. North wall.

IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015. North wall of room 9.

 

Ins. IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015. Drain in north-east corner of second room.

IV.15/16, Herculaneum, September 2015. Drain in north-east corner of second room.

 

IV.15/16, Herculaneum, June 2011. Looking west from Cardo V, across house wall into room (9). Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

IV.15/16, Herculaneum, June 2011. Looking west from Cardo V, across house wall into room (9).

Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.