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Herculaneum IV.21. Casa dei Cervi, or House of the Stags or Deer. Excavated 1929-32.

 

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Bibliography

Allroggen-Bedel, A., 1975. Der Hausherr der Casa dei Cervi in Herculaneum. Cronache Ercolanese 5, pp. 99-103.

Deiss, J.J. (1968). Herculaneum, a city returns to the sun. London, The History Book Club, p. 43.

Esposito, D., 2014. La pittura di Ercolano. L’Erma di Bretschneider: Roma,

Guidobaldi M., Esposito D., 2013. Herculaneum: Art of a Buried City. New York: Abbeville Press, pp. 259-281.

Jashemski, W. F., 1993. The Gardens of Pompeii, Volume II: Appendices. New York: Caratzas, pp. 264-6

Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli. Naples: Nicola Longobardi, p. 202.

Pesando F. and Guidobaldi M., 2006. Guida archeologiche Laterza: Pompei, Oplontis, Ercolano, Stabia. Rome: Laterza, pp. 339-343.

Tran Tam Tinh, 1988. La Casa dei Cervi a Herculanum. Roma: Giorgio Bretschneider.

Wallace-Hadrill, A., 1994. Houses and Society in Pompeii and Herculaneum. New Jersey: Princeton U.P., p. 201.

Wallace-Hadrill, A., 2011. Herculaneum Past and Present. London: Frances Lincoln, pp. 239-244.

 

IV.21 Casa dei Cervi or House of the Stags, lower left of photo, 1957. Looking north-west from access roadway to house and terrace overlooking sea front. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.  J57f0430

IV.21 Casa dei Cervi or House of the Stags, lower left of photo, 1957. Looking north-west from access roadway to house and terrace overlooking sea front.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

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IV.21 Herculaneum, April 2016. Looking north from access roadway to terrace and house.  In the upper right of the photo is Cardo V., which at its southern end would have led down to the beachfront.  On the right is the southern end of the ramp from Cardo V. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

IV.21 Herculaneum, April 2016. Looking north from access roadway to terrace and house.

In the upper right of the photo is Cardo V., which at its southern end would have led down to the beachfront.

On the right is the southern end of the ramp from Cardo V. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

IV.21 Casa dei Cervi or House of the Stags, upper part of photo, October 2014.
Looking north from access roadway to house and terrace, built over the city walls, and having views overlooking sea front.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

IV.21 Casa dei Cervi or House of the Stags, upper part of photo, October 2014.

Looking north from access roadway to house and terrace, built over the city walls, and having views overlooking sea front.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

IV.21 Herculaneum, April 2016. Looking north across terrace 35, towards pergola 18, from access roadway to site.  Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

IV.21 Herculaneum, April 2016. Looking north across terrace 35, towards pergola 18, from access roadway to site.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

IV.21, Herculaneum. May 2009. Looking north across terrace 35, towards pergola 18, from access roadway to site. On either side of the pergola was a small rectangular garden, and daytime cubicula, rooms 23 and 22, on either side of the gardens. 
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

IV.21, Herculaneum. May 2009. Looking north across terrace 35, towards pergola 18, from access roadway to site.

On either side of the pergola was a small rectangular garden, and daytime cubicula, rooms 23 and 22, on either side of the gardens.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

IV.21, Herculaneum. 1964. Looking north across site. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
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IV.21, Herculaneum. 1964. Looking north across site. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

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IV.21, Herculaneum. 1964. Looking north. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

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Cardo V Inferiore, Herculaneum, October 2001. Looking south along the Cardo V Inferiore with doorway to the House of the Stags/Deers (IV.21), on the right. On the left is the doorway to the House of Telephus Relief (Ins.Or.I.2). Photo courtesy of Peter Woods.

Cardo V Inferiore, Herculaneum, October 2001.

Looking south along the Cardo V Inferiore with doorway to IV.21, Casa dei Cervi/House of the Stags, on the right.

On the left is the doorway to the House of Telephus Relief (Ins.Or.I.2).

Photo courtesy of Peter Woods.

 

Ins IV.21, Herculaneum, September 2015. Entrance doorway on west side of Cardo V.

IV.21, Herculaneum, September 2015. Entrance doorway on west side of Cardo V.

Outside the entrance doorway the pavement of cocciopesto was raised up above Cardo V, and had inserts of polychrome marble.

See Pesando, F. and Guidobaldi, M.P. (2006). Pompei, Oplontis, Ercolano, Stabiae. Editori Laterza, (p.339).

Maiuri wrote that after a series of humble abodes and shop of merchants and artisans along the decumanus and Cardo V, the insula IV ends on the south with the large distinguished dwelling, the richest, most luxurious and most rationally constructed of all the rich and beautiful houses along the south front.

The dwelling can be divided into two principal parts: the northern entrance quarter and the southern quarter of the terraces, connected to one another by means of a quadriporticus with windows.

See Maiuri, Amedeo, (1977). Herculaneum. 7th English ed, of Guide books to the Museums Galleries and Monuments of Italy, No.53,

(p.60-61).

 

IV.21, Herculaneum, August 2013. Bench on south side of entrance doorway. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

IV.21, Herculaneum, August 2013. Bench-seat for the clientes on south side of entrance doorway.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee. 

According to Pesando and Guidobaldi, the bench-seat for the clientes was an Indisputable sign of the prestige of the owner, identified with Q. Granius Verus, decurion and duovir before 61AD.

See Pesando, F. and Guidobaldi, M.P. (2006). Pompei, Oplontis, Ercolano, Stabiae. Editori Laterza, (p.339)

 

IV.21 Herculaneum, June 2017. Bench seat on south side of entrance doorway.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

IV.21 Herculaneum, June 2017. Bench seat on south side of entrance doorway.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

IV.21 Herculaneum, October 2012. Looking towards entrance doorway. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

IV.21 Herculaneum, October 2012. Looking towards entrance doorway. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins IV.21, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking west along entrance corridor.

IV.21, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking west along floor of entrance corridor, 1.

 

IV.21, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking west along entrance corridor towards atrium, and doorway to triclinium.

IV.21, Herculaneum, September 2015.

Looking west along entrance corridor 1, towards atrium 24, and doorway to triclinium 5.

Maiuri said the entrance was ennobled by a corridor with a marble floor leading to a small covered (testudinate) atrium, here serving as a vestibule for the other rooms to open onto. From one side the great triclinium and the quadriporticus are reached, on the other side was a corridor leading behind the triclinium to the internal part of the house, the kitchen and the larder. Above were the simple servants’ quarters, reached by a small staircase and a wooden gallery.

See Maiuri, Amedeo, (1977). Herculaneum. 7th English ed, of Guide books to the Museums Galleries and Monuments of Italy, No.53,

 (p.60-63).

 

IV.21, Herculaneum, September 2015. North side of entrance corridor, and doorway to steps to upper floor.

IV.21, Herculaneum, September 2015. North side of entrance corridor, and doorway to steps to upper floor.

 

IV.21 Herculaneum, June 2017. Steps to upper floor on north sideof entrance doorway. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

IV.21 Herculaneum, June 2017. Steps to upper floor on north side of entrance doorway.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins IV.21, Herculaneum, September 2015. Steps to upper floor on north side of entrance corridor.

IV.21, Herculaneum, September 2015. Steps to upper floor on north side of entrance corridor.

 

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IV.21, Herculaneum, June 2017. Looking east along corridor towards entrance doorway, from atrium.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

IV.21, Herculaneum, June 2017. Looking east from doorway to area under steps t upper floor.  Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

IV.21, Herculaneum, June 2017. Looking east in atrium 24 from doorway to area under steps to upper floor.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

IV.21, Herculaneum, June 2017. Room 24, atrium, looking north-east, with west end of entrance corridor, on right. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

IV.21, Herculaneum, June 2017. Room 24, atrium, looking north-east, with west end of entrance corridor, on right.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

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IV.21, Herculaneum, June 2017. Room 24, atrium. Looking north towards room 25, a corridor leading to kitchen area, on left.

The doorway and window to room 4, are in the centre, and the doorway to room 3, is on the right.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

IV.21, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking across atrium, from west end of entrance corridor.

IV.21, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking across atrium, from west end of entrance corridor.

 

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IV.21, Herculaneum, June 2017. Room 24, atrium, looking towards upper west wall. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

IV.21, Herculaneum, September 2015. Upper west wall in atrium.

IV.21, Herculaneum, September 2015. Room 24, Upper west wall in atrium.

 

IV.21 Herculaneum, October 2012. Detail of painted decorations from upper west wall of atrium.  Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

IV.21 Herculaneum, October 2012. Detail of painted decorations from upper west wall of atrium.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

IV.21 Herculaneum, October 2012. Detail of painted bird from upper west wall of atrium. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

IV.21 Herculaneum, October 2012. Detail of painted bird from upper west wall of atrium.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Herculaneum House of the Deer May 2009 Ferebee P1000652

IV.21 Herculaneum, May 2009. Looking towards west wall of atrium, during restoration. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

 

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