HerculaneuminPictures

 

 




Herculaneum VI.13. Casa del Salone nero or House of the black salon or room, linked to rear entrance at VI.11.

Excavated between 1939 and 1965.

 

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According to Wallace-Hadrill, the main entrance led to the atrium/tablinum/peristyle with 4-sided colonnade; 10 reception rooms, 3 service rooms at back, with back door at no.11. Decoration in atrium area perished or poor. Elegant Style IV decorations in tablinum, passage, peristyle, and 4 surrounding rooms.

Wooden shrine in the large Salone nero, shrine in small lightwell at end of visual axis of house.

See Wallace-Hadrill, A., 1994. Houses and Society in Pompeii and Herculaneum. New Jersey: Princeton U.P. (p.206).

 

Camardo and Notomista show a photo of the wooden shrine and wrote of the extraordinary state of conservation of the carbonised wooden lararium in the form of a temple in antis, with columns surmounted with marble capitals, which had been found in the Casa and displayed there for a time.

See Camardo, D, and Notomista, M, eds. (2017). Ercolano: 1927-1961. L’impresa archeologico di Amedeo Maiuri e l’esperimento della citta museo. Rome, L’Erma di Bretschneider, (p.254-55, Scheda 38, fig. 2 of shrine).

 

According to Guidobaldi, this house took its name from the large black painted oecus which was situated on the west side of the peristyle.

The house occupied the entire north-east corner of the insula.

The main entrance was at number 13, whereas the side entrance at number 11 led into a vestibule in the servants’ quarters; preserved here was the outline of the stairs leading up to an upper apartment, which was above these rustic rooms and the entire loggia of the peristyle.

Recovered in one of the rooms of the upper floor were fragments of wax tablets, originally placed on a shelf of painted wood, of complex recomposition and letters, but clearly relating to the freedman, L. Venidius Ennychus, who was active on the Herculaneum scene since 40 AD. He was probably recognised as the last proprietor of this house.

See Guidobaldi, M.P, 2009: Ercolano, guida agli scavi. Naples, Electa Napoli, (p.103-107).

See Cooley, A.E. and Cooley, M.G. 2014. Pompeii and Herculaneum; a sourcebook. U.K. Abingdon, Routledge, 2nd ed.  (p.213-215 G1-4), quoting from 39 wax tablets found on a wooden shelf.

 

Wallace-Hadrill wrote that found on the upper floor of this house was a basket full of at least 39 of the documents of Lucius Venidius Ennychus.

This bundle was of crucial importance to Ennychus because it guaranteed his status.

The earliest seems to date from AD 40-1 regarding a loan of money to L. Mammius Rufus.

Another recorded that on 24th July AD 60, he declared the birth of his daughter Venidia to his wife Livia Acte.

See Wallace-Hadrill, A. (2011). Herculaneum, Past and Future. London, Frances Lincoln Ltd., (p.142-3)

 

VI 13, Herculaneum, September 2015. Entrance doorway and vestibule.

VI.13 Herculaneum, September 2015. Entrance doorway and vestibule.

 

VI 13, Herculaneum, September 2015. Entrance doorway with carbonised wood.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

VI.13 Herculaneum, September 2015. Entrance doorway with carbonised wood.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

VI.13, Herculaneum, May 2011. Looking south towards entrance doorway.
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

VI.13 Herculaneum, May 2011. Looking south towards entrance doorway.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

VI.13, Herculaneum, September 2015. Entrance doorway with marble insets in the pavement.

VI.13 Herculaneum, September 2015. Entrance doorway with marble insets in the pavement.

 

VI.13 Herculaneum. August 2013. Detail from entrance doorway with carbonised wooden surround. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.13 Herculaneum. August 2013. Detail from entrance doorway with carbonised wooden surround.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.13 Herculaneum. May 2011.
Looking towards east side of entrance doorway, from corridor.
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

VI.13 Herculaneum. May 2011.

Looking towards east side of entrance doorway, from corridor.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

A view of a stone building

Description generated with very high confidence

VI.13 Herculaneum. May 2011. Looking towards west side of entrance corridor, with carbonised wood.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

VI.13 Herculaneum. May 2011. Detail from west side of entrance doorway, with carbonised wood. 
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

VI.13 Herculaneum. May 2011. Detail from west side of entrance doorway, with carbonised wood.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

VI.13 Herculaneum. March 2008. Detail from west side of entrance corridor, with carbonised wood. Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

VI.13 Herculaneum. March 2008. Detail from west side of entrance corridor, with carbonised wood.

Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

 

VI.13 Herculaneum. August 2013. Detail from right (west) side of entrance doorway.
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.13 Herculaneum. August 2013. Detail from right (west) side of entrance doorway.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.13/14 Herculaneum, June 2017. Detail from right (west) side of entrance doorway.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

VI.13/14 Herculaneum, June 2017. Detail from right (west) side of entrance doorway.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

VI.13 Herculaneum, June 2014. Detail from right (west) side of entrance doorway.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

VI.13 Herculaneum, June 2014. Detail from right (west) side of entrance doorway.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

VI.13 Herculaneum on left, VI.14 on right. May 2006. 
Painted sign on pilaster between house entrance and shop. Looking south.
At the top is a painted figure. 
The shop sign showed four jugs of different colours, naming and pricing the drinks sold here together with the shop sign AD CVCVMAS (Ad Cucumas), written above the jugs.
The painted graffiti NOLA in red letters can also be seen on the lower part.

VI.13 Herculaneum on left, VI.14 on right. May 2006.

Painted sign on pilaster between house entrance and shop. Looking south.

At the top is a painted figure.

The shop sign showed four jugs of different colours, naming and pricing the drinks sold here together with the shop sign AD CVCVMAS (Ad Cucumas), written above the jugs.

The painted graffiti NOLA in red letters can also be seen on the lower part.

 

VI.13/14 Herculaneum, June 2017.  Enhanced part of the shop sign showing four jugs of different colours, naming and pricing the drinks sold here together with the shop sign AD CVCVMAS (Ad Cucumas), written above the jugs.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

VI.13/14 Herculaneum, June 2017.

Enhanced part of the shop sign showing four jugs of different colours, naming and pricing the drinks sold here together with the shop sign AD CVCVMAS (Ad Cucumas), written above the jugs.  Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

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VI.13 Herculaneum. May 2006. Entrance doorway and vestibule, looking south.

 

VI.13/11, Herculaneum. January 2002.  Looking north-west towards the upper north facade of the atrium.

To the left, is the doorway to the cubiculum on the west side of the north-west corner of the atrium.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

VI.13/11, Herculaneum. Not dated. 
Looking towards blocked doorway in north wall of atrium, whch would have led into the shop-room of VI.14.
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

VI.13/11, Herculaneum. Not dated.

Looking towards blocked doorway in north wall of atrium, whch would have led into the shop-room of VI.14.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

VI.13/11, Herculaneum. May 2003. Atrium, looking towards north-east corner. 
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

VI.13/11, Herculaneum. May 2003. Atrium, looking towards north-east corner.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

VI.13/11, Herculaneum. Not dated. Looking towards blocked doorway in north wall in north-east corner.
This blocked doorway would have led into the shop-room of VI.12. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

VI.13/11, Herculaneum. Not dated. Looking towards blocked doorway in north wall in north-east corner.

This blocked doorway would have led into the shop-room of VI.12. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

VI.13/11, Herculaneum. September 2003. 
Atrium, blocked doorway in east wall in north-east corner. 
The doorway to cubiculum 5, is on the right. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

VI.13/11, Herculaneum. September 2003.

Atrium, blocked doorway in east wall in north-east corner.

The doorway to cubiculum 5, is on the right. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

VI.13/11, Herculaneum. May 2003. Atrium, doorway in east wall in north-east corner. 
The blocked doorway would have led into the rear room of VI.12. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

VI.13/11, Herculaneum. May 2003. Atrium, doorway in east wall in north-east corner.

The blocked doorway would have led into the rear room of VI.12. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

VI.13/11 Herculaneum. September 2003. 
Atrium, looking towards doorway to cubiculum in centre of east side, upper left. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

VI.13/11 Herculaneum. September 2003.

Atrium, looking towards doorway to cubiculum 5 in centre of east side, upper left. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

VI.13 Herculaneum, June 2014. Looking south across impluvium in atrium. 
On the right, the west ala can just be seen – a kitchen, set up in place of the original ala.  Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

VI.13 Herculaneum, June 2014. Looking south across impluvium in atrium.

On the right, the west ala can just be seen – a kitchen, set up in place of the original ala 7.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

VI.13/11, Herculaneum. January 2002. 
South wall of kitchen, which would originally have been used as the west ala. 
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

VI.13/11, Herculaneum. January 2002.

South wall of kitchen, which would originally have been used as the west ala, 7.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

VI.13 Herculaneum. August 2013. Looking south across impluvium in atrium. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.
On the west side, right, of the tablinum is a corridor that although now blocked used to lead through to the peristyle.

VI.13 Herculaneum. August 2013. Looking south across impluvium in atrium. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

On the west side, right, of the tablinum is a corridor that although now blocked used to lead through to the peristyle.

 

VI.13/11, Herculaneum. May 2004. West wall of corridor between tablinum and room on its west side, an oecus.  
This corridor would have led from the atrium to the peristyle, but was later closed at the southern end.
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

VI.13/11, Herculaneum. May 2004. West wall of corridor between tablinum and room on its west side, an oecus. 

This corridor would have led from the atrium to the peristyle, but was later closed at the southern end.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

VI.13/11, Herculaneum. May 2004. Corridor between tablinum and oecus. Detail from west wall. 
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

VI.13/11, Herculaneum. May 2004. Corridor between tablinum and oecus. Detail from west wall.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

VI.13/11, Herculaneum. May 2004. Corridor between tablinum and oecus. Detail from west wall. 
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

VI.13/11, Herculaneum. May 2004. Corridor between tablinum and oecus. Detail from west wall.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

VI.13/11, Herculaneum. May 2004. Corridor between tablinum and oecus. Detail from west wall. 
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

VI.13/11, Herculaneum. May 2004. Corridor between tablinum and oecus. Detail from west wall.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

VI.13/11, Herculaneum. May 2004. Corridor between tablinum and oecus. Detail from east wall. 
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

VI.13/11, Herculaneum. May 2004. Corridor between tablinum and oecus. Detail from east wall.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

VI.13 Herculaneum, May 2001. Looking south across impluvium in atrium.  Photo courtesy of Current Archaeology.

VI.13 Herculaneum, May 2001. Looking south across impluvium in atrium.

Photo courtesy of Current Archaeology.

Towards the front of the tablinum, the floor had been revived with a few inserts of coloured marble.

 

Ins.VI.13, Herculaneum, May 2006. Looking south across marble impluvium in atrium.

VI.13 Herculaneum, May 2006.

Marble impluvium in atrium with limestone puteal, set in floor of cocciopesto with regular pieces of inset white limestone tesserae.

 

VI.13, Herculaneum. April 2008. Detail of north-east corner of impluvium.
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

VI.13 Herculaneum. April 2008. Detail of north-east corner of impluvium.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

 

Part 1   Part 2   Part 3   Plan