HerculaneuminPictures

 

 




Herculaneum VI.29. Casa dei due atri or House of the two atriums.

Excavated 1939-40.

 

Plan

 

Maiuri wrote that this dwelling had only recently been uncovered (from his 1st edition of the book written c.1936), and was still without a number. It preserved a beautiful façade in opus reticulatum with portal and architrave in tufa and a long brick frame. Above it were the windows of the upper rooms, which were reached by means of a doorway opening onto the street. The house had a narrow and elongated plan, with the upper floors disclosed by the height of the walls and holes left by the beams. Inside were two atria, the first Tetrastyle, the second of Etruscan type with an impluvium closed by a parapet and a beautiful puteal on the edge of the wall. Close to the entrance are the kitchen and the oven. The living rooms extend around the little atrium on the north, a room elegantly painted in the richest manner of the IV Style (in the southern wall were two niches of Lararia); on the east opens a wide triclinium, as the only preserved painting representing two mullets and two pears bears witness. Staircases led to the rooms of the first and second floors.

See Maiuri, Amedeo, (1977). Herculaneum. 7th English ed, of Guide books to the Museums Galleries and Monuments of Italy, No.53 (p.35-6).

 

On the right of the entrance corridor was the kitchen with a two-armed cooking bench supported by small arches and a dolium. The latrine was situated under the square window overlooking the roadway. One the left of the entrance corridor was the room, described as “cella ostiaria” (see VI.28).

The first (Tetrastyle) atrium had tall masonry columns which supported the beams for the second-storey gallery of the upper floor. The floor was of cocciopesto with inserts of coloured marble, and against the south wall was a lararium niche.

At the rear of this atrium were three doorways, the diaeta (on the left), the tablinum (in the centre) and a corridor linked to the second (Tuscan) atrium (on the right).

This atrium had an impluvium basin of cocciopesto decorated with a motive in a radial pattern of polychrome marble slabs around a central cavity, probably for a fountain statuette. With the addition of a pluteus, or low wall, with a hollow for ornamental plants, this second atrium could have been used as a small garden. Also seen in this atrium, on the south wall, were lararium niches.

In this section of the house were the reception and living rooms, in which are preserved paintings of the Style IV.

The oecus, (also described as a cubiculum) was painted on a blue background with yellow side panels, and had small still-life paintings or masks, the large triclinium also had still-lifes of fishes and pears, which seem to have been well adapted for the convivial function of the room.

In one of the rooms of the house, a wooden chest was found containing an archive of wax tablets belonging to one Herennia Tertia, perhaps the last owner of the house.

See Pesando, F. and Guidobaldi, M.P. (2006). Pompei, Oplontis, Ercolano, Stabiae. Editori Laterza, (p.369-70)

See Guidobaldi, M.P. and Esposito, D. (2013). Herculaneum: Art of the Buried City. U.S.A, Abbeville Press, (p.255-257)

 

According to Wallace-Hadrill,

On page 212, there is a photo of a small table with inlaid top, an example of the carbonized wooden furniture found in Herculaneum, the small table was from this house.

See Wallace-Hadrill, A. (2011). Herculaneum, Past and Future. London, Frances Lincoln Ltd., (p.212)

 

VI 29, Herculaneum, October 2014. Looking east towards entrance doorway. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

VI.29, Herculaneum, October 2014. Looking east towards entrance doorway. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. VI 29, Herculaneum, September 2015. Entrance doorway, looking east.

VI.29, Herculaneum, September 2015. Entrance doorway, looking east.

 

VI.29 Herculaneum. July 2009. Entrance doorway. Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

VI.29 Herculaneum. July 2009. Entrance doorway. Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

 

Ins. VI 29, Herculaneum, September 2015. Upper floor above doorway.

VI.29, Herculaneum, September 2015. Upper floor above doorway.

On the façade, was a cornice of terracotta and discharge arch with tufa radius, enclosed in it was a small terracotta mask.

The upper floor extended all along the roadway for the length of the building.

See Guidobaldi, M.P, 2009: Ercolano, guida agli scavi. Naples, Electa Napoli, (p.112).

 

VI.29 Herculaneum. July 2009. Upper floor above doorway. Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

VI.29 Herculaneum. July 2009. Upper floor above doorway. Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

 

VI 29, Herculaneum, July 2015. Entrance doorway and upper floor above doorway.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

VI.29, Herculaneum, July 2015. Entrance doorway and upper floor above doorway.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. VI 29, Herculaneum, September 2004. Detail of decoration above doorway.

VI.29, Herculaneum, September 2004. Detail of decoration above doorway.

 

Ins. VI 29, Herculaneum, September 2015. Decoration above doorway.

VI.29, Herculaneum, September 2015. Decoration above doorway.

 

Ins. VI 29, Herculaneum, September 2015. Decoration of terracotta mask above doorway.

VI.29, Herculaneum, September 2015. Decoration of terracotta mask above doorway.

 

VI 29, Herculaneum, July 2015. Detail of terracotta mask above doorway. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

VI.29, Herculaneum, July 2015. Detail of terracotta mask above doorway. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. VI 29, Herculaneum, September 2015. Upper floor above doorway on the north side.

VI.29, Herculaneum, September 2015. Upper floor above doorway on the north side.

 

Ins. VI 29, Herculaneum, September 2015. Upper floor above doorway on the south side.

VI.29, Herculaneum, September 2015. Upper floor above doorway on the south side.

 

Ins. VI 29, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking east along entrance corridor towards atrium.

VI.29, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking east along entrance corridor towards the two atria.

 

Herculaneum IV

Herculaneum VI.29 fauces, cementizio a base fittile con inserti litici.

See http://tess.beniculturali.unipd.it/web/scheda/?recid=18633

 

Ins. VI 29, Herculaneum, September 2015. One of four columns in tetrastyle atrium which supported the roof.

VI.29, Herculaneum, September 2015.

One of four columns in tetrastyle atrium which would have supported the roof.

 

VI 29, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking south-east across atrium towards doorway to a corridor leading to rear peristyle, from doorway in VI.28.

VI.29, Herculaneum, September 2015.

Looking south-east across atrium towards doorway to a corridor leading to rear peristyle, taken from doorway in VI.28.

 

Ins. VI 29, Herculaneum, September 2015.Looking north-east across impluvium in atrium, from entrance doorway.

VI.29, Herculaneum, September 2015.

Looking north-east across impluvium in atrium, from entrance doorway.

 

Herculaneum VI

Herculaneum VI.29 primo atrio, cementizio a base fittile con inserti litici.

See http://tess.beniculturali.unipd.it/web/scheda/?recid=18634

 

VI.29 Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking north-east across impluvium in atrium, from entrance corridor. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.  The doorway to a diaeta (a day room/living room) can be seen, centre left. Originally this room would have also been linked by a doorway to the rear peristyle. The tablinum can be seen, centre right, also linked through to the rear peristyle.
See Pesando, F. and Guidobaldi, M.P. (2006). Pompei, Oplontis, Ercolano, Stabiae. Editori Laterza, (p.370).

VI.29 Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking north-east across impluvium in atrium, from entrance corridor.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

The doorway to a diaeta (a day room/living room) can be seen, centre left.

Originally this room would have also been linked by a doorway to the rear peristyle.

The tablinum can be seen, centre right, also linked through to the rear peristyle.

See Pesando, F. and Guidobaldi, M.P. (2006). Pompei, Oplontis, Ercolano, Stabiae. Editori Laterza, (p.370).

 

Herculaneum VI

Herculaneum VI.29 tablino 4, cementizio a base fittile con inserti marmorei.

See http://tess.beniculturali.unipd.it/web/scheda/?recid=18635

 

Ins. VI 29, Herculaneum, September 2015. Doorway of room in north-east corner of atrium.

VI.29, Herculaneum, September 2015. Doorway of room (a diaeta) in north-east corner of atrium.

 

VI 29, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking east from entrance doorway towards second atrium of Etruscan type. The impluvium was closed by a parapet and a beautiful puteal on the edge of the well.
See Maiuri, Amedeo, (1977). Herculaneum. 7th English ed, of Guide books to the Museums Galleries and Monuments of Italy, No.53 (p.36).

VI.29, Herculaneum, September 2015.

Looking east from entrance doorway towards second atrium of Etruscan type.

The impluvium was closed by a parapet and a beautiful puteal on the edge of the well.

See Maiuri, Amedeo, (1977). Herculaneum. 7th English ed, of Guide books to the Museums Galleries and Monuments of Italy, No.53 (p.36).

 

VI.29 Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking east from entrance doorway towards second atrium. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.29 Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking east from entrance doorway through second atrium towards triclinium.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

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VI.29 Herculaneum, October 2014. Looking north-east across wall in VI.10, towards triclinium, on east side of second atrium.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

VI.29 Herculaneum, October 2014. Looking towards painted north wall of triclinium, taken from VI.10.  Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

VI.29 Herculaneum, October 2014. Looking towards painted north wall of triclinium, taken from VI.10. 

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Herculaneum VI

Herculaneum VI.29 secondo atrio, cementizio con inserti litici e marmorei.

See http://tess.beniculturali.unipd.it/web/scheda/?recid=18636

 

VI. 29 Herculaneum, 1964. Looking west from second atrium which would have been used as a garden, towards entrance doorway. Also in this atrium on the south wall, left, were lararium niches. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J64f1150

VI. 29 Herculaneum, 1964.

Looking west from second atrium which would have been used as a garden, towards entrance doorway.

Also in this atrium on the south wall, left, were lararium niches.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J64f1150

 

Ins. VI.29, Herculaneum 1964. Impluvium in second atrium, looking west towards entrance doorway. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J64f1151

VI.29, Herculaneum 1964.

Looking west from triclinium towards impluvium in second atrium, through tablinum towards entrance doorway.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J64f1151

 

Herculaneum VI

Herculaneum VI.29 triclinio 11, cementizio a base fittile con inserti marmorei.

See http://tess.beniculturali.unipd.it/web/scheda/?recid=18637

 

VI.29, Herculaneum, September 2016. Small wooden table with inlaid top found in this house.  Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

VI.29, Herculaneum, September 2016. Small wooden table with inlaid top found in this house.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

VI.29, Herculaneum, September 2016. Small wooden table with inlaid top
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

VI.29, Herculaneum, September 2016. Small wooden table with inlaid top.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

VI.29, Herculaneum, September 2016. Small wooden table with inlaid top
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

VI.29, Herculaneum, September 2016. Small wooden table with inlaid top. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

 

Plan