HerculaneuminPictures

 

 

 




Herculaneum Ins. Or. II.1a. Bakery on north side of Vicolo Meridionale.

Excavated 1934-36.

 

According to Guidobaldi –

“In this insula, it was possible to identify some of the functions of the workshops - numbers 1a and 8 were bakeries”.

See Pesando F., Guidobaldi M., 2006. Pompei, Oplontis, Ercolano, Stabiae. Roma: Laterza, (p.382 of pages 288-407)

 

Maiuri wrote that this was the first of its kind to be found in the area of the city so far disinterred and it must have been installed on the corner of the eastern insula (where several rooms belonging to a preceding house of a better class were converted to this use) during the last years of the city’s life.

Immediately inside, there is the oven, with collapsed vault but with the iron door still closed, and near to it is a leaden tank in which to damp the straw broom used to clean the oven after baking.  In the corner are a large terracotta dolium and a basin made from part of a mill. In the tiny courtyard, there are two mills of the usual type (meta and catillus); these were turned by asses, as is plainly demonstrated by the remains of bones found on the ground around by the bevelled angle of the pilaster (cut away to allow for the circulating of the animal) and by the presence of the stable (stabulum) for the shelter of the beasts of burden. In the wall of the stable there are the two deep sockets for the manger. On the other side of the courtyard, two small doorways lead to two latrines separated by a partition.  This baker of Herculaneum must indeed have prospered, if it was possible to unite the distinguished vaulted rooms with fine tessellated pavements and the remains of good decoration which lie on a slightly higher level, with his Pistrinum

See Maiuri, Amedeo, (1977). Herculaneum. 7th English ed, of Guide books to the Museums Galleries and Monuments of Italy, No.53 (p.56).

 

On page 266 are two pictures, fig. 1 taken in 1936, showing the remains of the oven of the bakery and surrounding structures, and fig. 2, in 1936, showing the rear room or stall/stable with the bones of an animal, probably an ass/donkey, and on a rear wall the outline left in the wall from a wooden structure, interpreted by Maiuri as a manger.

See Camardo, D, and Notomista, M, eds. (2017). Ercolano: 1927-1961. L’impresa archeologico di Amedeo Maiuri e l’esperimento della citta museo. Rome, L’Erma di Bretschneider, (p.265-6, Scheda 44).

 

Vicolo Meridionale, the small roadway dividing Ins. Orientalis II, on left, from Ins. Orientalis I, on right. September 2015. Looking east past Ins. Or. II.1a and II.1b on left. The doorway to the bakery has not yet been photographed.

Vicolo Meridionale, the small roadway dividing Ins. Orientalis II, on left, from Ins. Orientalis I, on right.

September 2015. Looking east past Ins. Or. II.1a and II.1b on left. The doorway to the bakery has not yet been photographed.

 

Looking south-west from above Ins. Orientalis II. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J57f0425
The Oleanders (pink-flowers) can be seen dividing the two insulae, Ins. Or. I and II, these are the same as the ones in the Vicolo Meridionale, as in the photo below.

Looking south-west from above Ins. Orientalis II. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J57f0425

The Oleanders (pink-flowers) can be seen dividing the two insulae, Ins. Or. I and II, these are the same as the ones in the Vicolo Meridionale, as in the photo below.

 

Vicolo Meridionale, looking west towards Cardo V.1957.  Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J57f0454

Vicolo Meridionale, looking west towards Cardo V. 1957. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J57f0454