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Herculaneum Ins. Or. II.16. Shop. Excavated 1936-37.

 

According to Maiuri, no.16 was a workshop of an artisan. Preserved in number 16 was one of the wooden folds of the back-room.

See Maiuri, Amedeo, (1977). Herculaneum. 7th English ed, of Guide books to the Museums Galleries and Monuments of Italy, No.53 (p.57).

 

Guidobaldi wrote that this was a workshop with a rear-room made from a previous entrance to the loggia of the cryptoporticus of the Palaestra.

See Guidobaldi, M.P, 2009: Ercolano, guida agli scavi. Naples, Electa Napoli, (p.49).

 

Ins. Orientalis II.16, Herculaneum. September 2015. Looking north to entrance doorway.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.16, Herculaneum. September 2015. Threshold of entrance doorway.

 

150727 60 E P1030669

Ins. Orientalis II.16, Herculaneum. July 2015. Looking east to entrance doorway, on right. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Or. II.16, on right, Herculaneum. October 2012. Looking east to entrance doorways, and with Ins.Or.II.17, on left.   Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Or. II.16, on right, Herculaneum. October 2012. Looking east to entrance doorways, and with Ins.Or.II.17, on left.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.16, Herculaneum. September 2015. Looking east across workshop.

 

Ins Or II, 16, Herculaneum. December 2004.  Pit/depression in floor of south-east corner. 
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.16, Herculaneum. December 2004.  Pit/depression in floor of south-east corner.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins Or II, 16, Herculaneum. December 2004. Detail of pit/depression in floor. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.16, Herculaneum. December 2004. Detail of pit/depression in floor. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.16, Herculaneum. September 2015. North wall of workshop, and upper floors of Palaestra, at rear.

 

Ins Or II, 16, Herculaneum. May 2004. Looking towards north wall. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.16, Herculaneum. May 2004. Looking towards north wall. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins Or II, 16 Herculaneum. May 2004. North wall of workshop.  Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.16, Herculaneum. May 2004. North wall of workshop.  Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.16, Herculaneum. September 2015. Masonry structure against the north wall.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.16, Herculaneum. September 2015. Glass display recess or doorway inserted in north-east corner. Originally this recess would have contained items of glass, bronze and ceramics.
See Camardo, D, and Notomista, M, eds. (2017). Ercolano: 1927-1961. L’impresa archeologico di Amedeo Maiuri e l’esperimento della citta museo. Rome, L’Erma di Bretschneider, (p.276, Scheda 52).

Ins. Orientalis II.16, Herculaneum. September 2015. Glass display recess or doorway inserted in north-east corner.

Originally this recess would have contained items of glass, bronze and ceramics.

See Camardo, D, and Notomista, M, eds. (2017). Ercolano: 1927-1961. L’impresa archeologico di Amedeo Maiuri e l’esperimento della citta museo. Rome, L’Erma di Bretschneider, (p.276, Scheda 52).

 

Ins Or II, 16, Herculaneum. May 2004. North wall at east end. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.16, Herculaneum. May 2004. North wall at east end. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.16, Herculaneum. September 2015. Looking east towards upper floors.

 

Ins Or II, 16, Herculaneum. May 2004.  Looking towards east wall. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.16, Herculaneum. May 2004.  Looking towards east wall. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.16, Herculaneum. September 2015. South wall.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.16, Herculaneum. September 2015. Doorway to rear room in east wall of workshop.

Ins. Orientalis II.16, Herculaneum. September 2015. Doorway to rear room in east wall of workshop.

 

Ins Or II, 16 Herculaneum. May 2004.  Detail of steps against east wall. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.16 Herculaneum. May 2004. Detail of steps against east wall. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins Or II, 16, Herculaneum. December 2004.  Detail of step. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.16, Herculaneum. December 2004. Detail of step. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.16, Herculaneum. September 2015. Decorative painted wall in rear-room.

Ins. Orientalis II.16, Herculaneum. September 2015. Decorative painted wall in rear-room.

 

Ins Or II, 16, Herculaneum. May 2004.  Rear room, remains of decoration from east wall. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.16, Herculaneum. May 2004. Rear room, remains of decoration from east wall. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins Or II, 16 Herculaneum. May 2004.  Rear room, remains of decoration from east wall.
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.16, Herculaneum. May 2004. Rear room, remains of decoration from east wall.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins Or II, 16 Herculaneum. May 2004. Rear room, detail of decoration from east wall.   
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.16, Herculaneum. May 2004. Rear room, detail of decoration from east wall.  

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins Or II, 16 Herculaneum. May 2004. North wall of rear room, detail of decoration from north wall.
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.16, Herculaneum. May 2004. North wall of rear room, detail of decoration from north wall.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins Or II, 16 Herculaneum. May 2004.  North wall of rear room, detail of decoration from north wall.   
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.16, Herculaneum. May 2004. North wall of rear room, detail of decoration from north wall.  

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins Or II, 16 Herculaneum. May 2004.  Rear room, upper and lower north wall.    
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.16, Herculaneum. May 2004. Rear room, upper and lower north wall.   

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins Or II, 16 Herculaneum. May 2004.  Rear room, upper and lower north-east corner.   
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.16, Herculaneum. May 2004. Rear room, upper and lower north-east corner.  

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins Or II, 16, Herculaneum. May 2004. Rear room, upper east wall with remains of doorway looking towards the upper loggia/terrace of Ins.Or.II, 4/19. 
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.16, Herculaneum. May 2004.

Rear room, upper east wall with remains of doorway looking towards the upper loggia/terrace of Ins.Or.II, 4/19.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

A close up of a stone building

Description generated with high confidence

Ins. Or. II.16, Herculaneum. May 2004. Room at rear of Ins.Or.II.16, but part of Palaestra at Ins. Or. II.4/19.

Looking towards north wall and north-west corner, with remains of doorway from room on upper floor, on left.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

A stone building

Description generated with very high confidence

Ins. Or. II.16, Herculaneum. May 2004. Room at rear of Ins.Or.II.16, but part of Palaestra at Ins. Or. II.4/19.

Looking towards west wall, with remains of blocked doorways, and doorway from room on upper floor, on right. 

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins Or II, 16 Herculaneum. June 2006. Detail of west wall. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.16, Herculaneum. June 2006. Detail of west wall. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins Or II, 16, Herculaneum. May 2004. Room at rear of Ins.Or.II.16, but part of Palaestra at Ins. Or. II.4, detail of west wall. 
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.
It was clear to Maiuri that the rooms of this workshop originally would have formed a single large entrance to the loggia of the cryptoporticus of the Palaestra, which then came to have a larger and more independent entrance from Cardo V, at Ins.Or.II.19. Access from that entrance to the loggia allowed the abolition of this entrance, and it was then transformed into a poor and cramped workshop, with a small rear room and perhaps a dwelling on the upper floor above tbis room of the Palaestra.

Ins. Or. II.16, Herculaneum. May 2004. Room at rear of Ins.Or.II.16, but part of Palaestra at Ins. Or. II.4/19, detail of west wall.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

It was clear to Maiuri that the rooms of this workshop originally would have formed a single large entrance to the loggia of the cryptoporticus of the Palaestra, which then came to have a larger and more independent entrance from Cardo V, at Ins.Or.II.19. Access from that entrance to the loggia allowed the abolition of this entrance, and it was then transformed into a poor and cramped workshop, with a small rear room and perhaps a dwelling on the upper floor above tbis room of the Palaestra.