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Herculaneum Ins. Or. II.19. Entrance to Upper Aula, leading to a series of rooms above the Palaestra.

 

Part 1   Part 2

 

According to Maiuri, this was an imposing hall with two columns on the front.

The flooring was of black tesserae and marble; at present only traces remain of the sparkling wall decorations in IV Style, and of the marble zoccolo. Almost in the centre, the hall is divided into two parts by slender columns and pillars. The entrance opening on the southern part leads to the gallery placed upon the wide Palaestra; along the gallery opens vaulted rooms elegantly decorated and others rustic.

See Maiuri, Amedeo, (1977). Herculaneum. 7th English ed, of Guide books to the Museums Galleries and Monuments of Italy, No.53 (p.58).

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19 Herculaneum, June 2006. Looking south-west from access road above Upper Aula, lower left and centre. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Orientalis II.19 Herculaneum, June 2006. Looking south-west from access road above Upper Aula, lower left and centre.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19 Herculaneum, June 2006. Looking towards south wall of Upper Aula.
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Orientalis II.19 Herculaneum, June 2006. Looking towards south wall of Upper Aula.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins. Orientalis II, 19 Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking east towards two columns at entrance to the upper terrace of the Palestra, through a large rectangular hallway. According to Parslow, Karl Weber identified this structure as another “temple”, comparing it to the earlier “Temple of the Mater Deum or Vespasian”. (see Ins. Or. 2 4). This second structure which is now recognised as the northern vestibule of the Palaestra first appeared in a report of September 22, 1759.”
See Parslow, C. C. (1998). Rediscovering Antiquity, Cambridge Univ. Press, (p.146).

Ins. Orientalis II.19 Herculaneum, September 2015.

Looking east towards two columns at entrance to the upper terrace of the Palestra, through a large rectangular hallway.

According to Parslow, Karl Weber identified this structure as another “temple”, comparing it to the earlier “Temple of the Mater Deum or Vespasian”. (see Ins. Or. II.4).

“This second structure which is now recognised as the northern vestibule of the Palaestra first appeared in a report of September 22, 1759.”

See Parslow, C. C. (1998). Rediscovering Antiquity, Cambridge Univ. Press, (p.146).

 

Ins. Orientalis II, 19 Herculaneum, July 2015. Looking east through entrance doorway.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.19 Herculaneum, July 2015. Looking east through entrance doorway.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. October 2012. Looking north-east towards entrance doorway.  Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. October 2012. Looking north-east towards entrance doorway.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Looking north across entrance.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Kerb on south side of entrance.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Column near south end.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Central kerb of entrance.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Column near north end of entrance.

 

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Ins. Orientalis II.19, May 2010. Looking north-east.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Looking east.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. October 2012. Looking east towards entrance. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. October 2012. Looking east towards entrance.  Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

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Ins. Or. II.19, Herculaneum, May 2010. Looking east.

 

Ins. Or. II.19, Herculaneum, March 2008. Looking east. Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

Ins. Or. II.19, Herculaneum, March 2008. Looking east. Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Inner threshold.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Looking towards north wall.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Remains of mosaic flooring near blocked doorway in north wall.

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Remains of mosaic flooring near blocked doorway in north wall.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Looking north-east.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Remains of painted decoration.

 

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Ins. Orientalis II.19, May 2010. Looking towards north wall.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Looking east.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Looking east. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Looking east. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Two doorways opened from this room at the eastern end, one in the north wall (blocked) into the unexcavated under the houses of Ercolano/Resina.

The other in the south wall into a corridor leading to the loggia of the Palaestra.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Remains of flooring.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Remains of flooring

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Remains of painted decoration from an east wall.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Looking towards south wall.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Looking towards south wall.

 

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Ins. Orientalis II.19, May 2010. Looking towards south wall.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Remains of painted decoration from south wall.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Remains of painted decoration from south wall.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Remains of painted decoration from south wall.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. 
South wall at eastern end, doorway leading towards loggia, and remains of painted decoration.

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015.

South wall at eastern end, doorway leading towards loggia, and remains of painted decoration.

 

Ins Or II, 16/19 Herculaneum. May 2004. Looking east along loggia of the Palaestra. 
Upper rear room of 16, upper east wall with remains of doorway leading towards an upper floor above loggia of Ins.Or.II, 19.
Centre right of photo is a doorway behind the wall, this doorway is in the south wall of the large room of the Upper Aula.
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.16/19 Herculaneum. May 2004. Looking east along loggia of the Palaestra.

Upper rear room of 16, upper east wall with remains of doorway leading towards an upper floor above loggia of Ins.Or.II, 19.

Centre right of photo is a doorway behind the wall, this doorway is in the south wall of the large room of the Upper Aula.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins Or II, 16/19 Herculaneum. May 2004. North wall of room at west end of loggia of Palaestra. 
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.16/19 Herculaneum. May 2004. North wall of room at west end of loggia of Palaestra.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins Or II, 16/19 Herculaneum. June 2006. West wall of room at west end of loggia of Palaestra. 
Looking towards two blocked doorways into Ins.Or.II.16. 
The upper floor also contained doorways between rooms. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.16/19 Herculaneum. June 2006. West wall of room at west end of loggia of Palaestra.

Looking towards two blocked doorways into Ins.Or.II.16.

The upper floor also contained doorways between rooms. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins Or II, 16/19 Herculaneum. May 2004. West wall of room at west end of loggia of Palaestra. 
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.16/19 Herculaneum. May 2004. West wall of room at west end of loggia of Palaestra.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins Or II, 16/19 Herculaneum. May 2004. Detail of west wall of room at west end of loggia. 
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.16/19 Herculaneum. May 2004. Detail of west wall of room at west end of loggia.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

 

Part 1   Part 2