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Herculaneum VI.8. Terme Centrali or Central Baths. Women’s Baths.

Fully excavated 1931-32.

 

Part 1   Part 2   Part 3   Plan  

 

Maiuri wrote that the section reserved for women was smaller, less well decorated and less complete than the men’s section. Here there is no frigidarium.

The first large square room, decorated with a red dado and with a continuous podium all around, where the clients waited their turn, leads through another tiny rectangular vestibule to the small charming apodyterium with the usual shelf with recesses running around it and a strigulated stucco vault; the mosaic pavement is similar to that in the tepidarium of the men’s baths: a large Triton in the centre surrounded by dolphins, polyps and eels.

The tepidarium, smaller than the preceding room, has the usual shelf divided into separate recesses for clothes and bath linen and a finer mosaic pavement with the geometrical meander motif.

The calidarium with the hollow floor and the smoke and heat vents placed in the thickness of the walls, as in the men’s section, presents us with a more complete view, of the calidaria of the first century of the Empire: there is the large marble bath for the hot bath and opposite to it, the circular podium for a bronze or marble labrum for the cold or tepid water ablutions (the basin had been carried away from here also); along the walls, there are two elegant marble benches.

See Maiuri, Amedeo, (1977). Herculaneum. 7th English ed, of Guide books to the Museums Galleries and Monuments of Italy, No.53 (p.39).

 

According to Guidobaldi, the original entrance vestibule would have been the small room with black mosaic with inserts of polychrome marble that opens at VI.9. This was then transformed into an independent shop, by the closing of the preceding aperture with the room of the apodyterium. The large waiting room at VI.8 then became the main entrance to the women’s baths, capable of seating around 40 people on its benches along the walls.

See Guidobaldi, M.P, 2009: Ercolano, guida agli scavi. Naples, Electa Napoli, (p.102).

See Pesando, F. and Guidobaldi, M.P. (2006). Pompei, Oplontis, Ercolano, Stabiae. Editori Laterza, (p.362).

 

Ins. VI.7, on left, and VI.8, on right. Herculaneum. May 2009. Entrance doorways on west side of Cardo IV Superiore. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.7, on left, and VI.8, on right. Herculaneum. May 2009. Entrance doorways on west side of Cardo IV Superiore.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Entrance doorway to the women’s baths, looking west.

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Entrance doorway to the women’s baths, looking west.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. East wall of vestibule, with doorway to Cardo IV Superiore.

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. East wall of vestibule, with doorway to Cardo IV Superiore.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Remains of carbonised wood above doorway, looking east from interior. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Remains of carbonised wood above doorway, looking east from interior.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Looking east to window above entrance doorway, and remains of carbonised wood. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Looking east to window above entrance doorway, and remains of carbonised wood.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Looking south along east wall, towards south-east corner. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Looking south along east wall, towards south-east corner.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. South wall of the vestibule, with masonry seats.

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. South wall of the vestibule, with masonry seats.

This is, as described by Maiuri, the first large square room, decorated with a red dado and with a continuous podium all around, where the clients waited their turn.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Looking towards south-west corner of vestibule.
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Looking towards south-west corner of vestibule.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. West wall of the vestibule with masonry seats.

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. West wall of the vestibule with masonry seats.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Looking towards north-west corner of vestibule.
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Looking towards north-west corner of vestibule.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Vestibule flooring.

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Vestibule flooring.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. North wall of the vestibule, with doorway to changing room or apodyterium of women’s baths.

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010.

North wall of the vestibule, with doorway to tiny rectangular vestibule or anteroom for the changing room or apodyterium of women’s baths.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Looking north to arched doorway to waiting room or apodyterium.

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Looking north to arched doorway through vestibule to changing room or apodyterium.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Threshold of doorway from apodyterium to vestibule.

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Threshold of doorway from apodyterium anteroom to vestibule.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Looking east across south side, towards doorway to vestibule.

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Looking east across south side of anteroom, towards doorway to vestibule.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Looking east into alcove on south side of entrance doorway to apodyterium.

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010.

Looking east across rectangular anteroom into alcove on south side of entrance doorway to apodyterium.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. East side of doorway between waiting room, on left, and alcove with window.

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010.

East side of doorway between changing room, on left, and alcove with window.

 

VI. 8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Looking east across black and white mosaic flooring in anteroom of apodyterium.

VI. 8, Herculaneum. May 2010.

Looking east across black and white mosaic flooring in anteroom of apodyterium/changing room.

This is, as described by Maiuri, the tiny rectangular vestibule to the small charming apodyterium.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Detail of mosaic floor in anteroom of waiting room.
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Detail of mosaic floor in anteroom of changing room.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Looking west along corridor, on the south side of the waiting room.

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Looking west along corridor, on the south side of the changing room.

 

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VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Ceiling of corridor on the south side of the apodyterium.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. West wall od corridor, on the south side of the apodyterium.

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010.

West wall of corridor, on the south side of the apodyterium.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Flooring of corridor, on the south side of the apodyterium.

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010.

Flooring of corridor, on the south side of the apodyterium.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. North wall of corridor, on the south side of the waiting room.

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. North wall of corridor, on the south side of the changing room.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Looking north-east across the waiting room or apodyterium of the women’s baths.

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010.

Looking north-east across the changing room or apodyterium of the women’s baths.

This is, as described by Maiuri, the small charming apodyterium with the usual shelf with recesses running around it and a strigilated stucco vault; the mosaic pavement is similar to that in the tepidarium of the men’s baths: a large Triton in the centre surrounded by dolphins, polyps and eels.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. October 2001. Looking north across the changing room or apodyterium of the women’s baths. Photo courtesy of Peter Woods.

VI.8, Herculaneum. October 2001.

Looking north across the changing room or apodyterium of the women’s baths.

Photo courtesy of Peter Woods.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Looking towards east wall of the waiting room, or apodyterium. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Looking towards east wall. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. East wall of apodyterium.

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. East wall of apodyterium.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Shelving with painted surface, at south end of east wall.

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Shelving with painted surface, at south end of east wall.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Detail of shelving for clothing and articles in east wall of apodyterium.

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Detail of shelving for clothing and articles in east wall.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Detail of east wall stucco and ceiling.

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Detail of east wall stucco and ceiling.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Detail of decorative stucco on east wall. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Detail of decorative stucco on east wall.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Detail of decorative stucco on east wall.

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Detail of decorative stucco on east wall.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Vaulted ceiling of the waiting room, or apodyterium. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Vaulted ceiling of the changing room, or apodyterium.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

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VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Looking north along apodyterium ceiling.

 

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VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Decorative stucco at north end of apodyterium.

 

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VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Decorative stucco at north end.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Black mosaic of Triton on white mosaic flooring of changing room or apodyterium.

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010.

Black mosaic of Triton on white mosaic flooring of changing room or apodyterium.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. March 2008. Black mosaic of Triton on white mosaic flooring of changing room or apodyterium. Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

VI.8, Herculaneum. March 2008.

Black mosaic of Triton on white mosaic flooring of changing room or apodyterium.

Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Black mosaic of Triton on white floor. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Black mosaic of Triton on white floor. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. October 2001. Black mosaic on white mosaic flooring of changing room or apodyterium. Photo courtesy of Peter Woods.

VI.8, Herculaneum. October 2001. Black mosaic on white mosaic flooring of changing room or apodyterium.

Photo courtesy of Peter Woods.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Mosaic in north-west corner of floor. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Mosaic in north-west corner of floor. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Mosaic in north-east corner of floor. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Mosaic in north-east corner of floor. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Black and white mosaic of sea-creatures and dolphins, at south end of floor.

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Black and white mosaic of sea-creatures and dolphins, at south end of floor.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Black and white mosaic of lobster. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Black and white mosaic of lobster. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Black and white mosaic of squid. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Black and white mosaic of squid. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Black and white mosaic of dolphin at south end of floor in apodyterium.

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010.

Black and white mosaic of dolphin at south end of floor in apodyterium.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Black and white mosaic of dolphin at south end of floor in apodyterium.

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Black and white mosaic of dolphin at south end of floor in apodyterium.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. October 2001. Black and white mosaic of dolphin. Photo courtesy of Peter Woods.

VI.8, Herculaneum. October 2001. Black and white mosaic of dolphin.

Photo courtesy of Peter Woods.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Looking towards north wall of the waiting room, or apodyterium.  Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Looking towards north wall of the changing room, or apodyterium.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. North wall of apodyterium.

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. North wall of apodyterium.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Looking towards west wall of waiting room, or apodyterium. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Looking towards west wall of changing room.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Doorway in west wall of apodyterium (changing room) leading to tepidarium (warm room).

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010.

Doorway in west wall of apodyterium (changing room) leading to tepidarium (warm room).

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Looking west. Mosaic threshold of doorway from apodyterium to tepidarium.

VI.8, Herculaneum. May 2010. Looking west.

Mosaic threshold of doorway from apodyterium to tepidarium.

 

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013. Looking east towards mosaic threshold of doorway from tepidarium to apodyterium.  Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

VI.8, Herculaneum. August 2013.

Looking east towards mosaic threshold of doorway from tepidarium to apodyterium.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

 

Part 1   Part 2   Part 3   Plan