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Herculaneum Ins. Or. II.4. Entrance to the large vestibule of the Palaestra, and the area at its rear.

Excavated 1933-54.

 

Part 1   Part 2   Part 3   Part 4

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking north-east across west portico.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Remains of a bourbon tunnel.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Columns on west portico.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking north along the portico.
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking north-east along the portico.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Looking north along the portico.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Looking north along the portico.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking north towards upper terrace, which would have overlooked the Palaestra.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2015.

Looking north towards upper terrace, which would have overlooked the Palaestra.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, May 2006.  
Looking north towards upper terrace, which would have overlooked the Palaestra. 
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, May 2006.  

Looking north towards upper terrace, which would have overlooked the Palaestra.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins. Or. II. September 2004. Looking north along west portico of palaestra. The entrance to the large apsed room can be seen, centre left.

Ins. Or. II.4, Herculaneum, September 2004. Looking north along west portico of palaestra.

The entrance to the large apsed room can be seen, centre left.

 

Ins. Or. II.4, Herculaneum, December 2004. 
Looking towards wall on west side of portico with remains of painted decoration.
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.4, Herculaneum, December 2004.

Looking towards wall on west side of portico with remains of painted decoration.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins Or II, 4, Herculaneum. December 2004. Side doorway to large apsed room, looking north along west side of portico.
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.4, Herculaneum. December 2004. Side doorway to large apsed room, looking north along west side of portico.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins Or II, 4, Herculaneum. June 2006. Looking west towards doorway to room leading to Ins.Or.II.7, on right.
On the left is a room at the north end of the terrace of the west portico.

Ins. Or. II.4, Herculaneum. June 2006. Looking west towards doorway to room leading to Ins.Or.II.7, on right.

On the left is a room at the north end of the terrace of the west portico.

 

Ins Or II, 4, Herculaneum. June 2006. Looking west towards wall of room at north end of terrace.
At the rear on the left is room A. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.4, Herculaneum. June 2006. Looking west towards wall of room at north end of terrace.

At the rear on the left is room A. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking west from Palaestra towards large apsed room. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.
This room, according to Deiss, had some forty feet of its height still remaining. 
At the rear was a large niche in which would have stood a statue of an emperor, or even Hercules. In front of the niche was the heavy marble table on which the victor’s olive crowns and other prizes were placed. From this room, the boys and young men would have marched out again, down these steps and out around the arena before the games began.
See Deiss, J.J. (1968). Herculaneum, a city returns to the sun. London, The History Book Club, (p.127)

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking west from Palaestra towards large apsed room.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

This room, according to Deiss, had some forty feet of its height still remaining.

At the rear was a large niche in which would have stood a statue of an emperor, or even Hercules.

In front of the niche was the heavy marble table on which the victor’s olive crowns and other prizes were placed.

From this room, the boys and young men would have marched out again, down the steps and out around the arena before the games began.

See Deiss, J.J. (1968). Herculaneum, a city returns to the sun. London, The History Book Club, (p.127).

According to Parslow, in February 1761 a shaft was sunk from one of the upper level rooms of the Palaestra down into one of the rooms flanking the great apsidal hall.

By luck this narrow shaft dropped directly onto a series of small mounted paintings resting on the mosaic floor and leaning up against one wall.

See Parslow, C. C. (1998). Rediscovering Antiquity, Cambridge Univ. Press, (p.148-149, and fig.41)

According to Grasso, these small mounted paintings were provenanced from Ins. Or. II.4, 19 and are now in Naples Archaeological Museum.

They include NAP inv. no. 9019 p.164, no 47,

NAP inv. no. 9020 p.165 no 48,

NAP inv. no. 9021 p 163 no 46,

NAP inv. no. 9022, p.162 no 45, 

NAP inv. no. 9735 p.136, no 26,

NAP inv. no. 9726 p.135, no 25, and

NAP inv. no. 8993, p.110, no.8, and these can be also be seen on the web-page for Ins. Or. II.19.

See Bragantini, I, and Sampaolo, V, eds. La Pittura Pompeiana. Naples, Electa.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Looking west from Palaestra towards large apsed room, on right.
According to Maiuri, the room on the south side, left, of the large apsed room was the room in which the paintings below were found.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Looking west from Palaestra towards large apsed room, on right.

According to Maiuri, the room on the south side, on left, of the large apsed room was the room in which the paintings below were found.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, June 2006. Doorway to room on south side of large apsed room.
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, June 2006. Doorway to room on south side of large apsed room.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, June 2006. Detail of wall on north side of dooway/window of room. 
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, June 2006. Detail of wall on north side of doorway/window of room.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, June 2005. Detail of wall on north side of doorway/window of room. 
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, June 2005. Detail of wall on north side of doorway/window of room.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Paintings found in this area in 1761, somewhere near “an apsidal room”.

 

Ins.Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting entitled the Actor King.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9019. 
This is shown in AdE IV, 197, 42 and described as being found in the excavations of Portici, in February 1761.
According to Pagano & Prisciandaro, other paintings and fragments of paintings were found in the area of the Palaestra in February 1761.
See Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli.  Naples: Nicola Longobardi. 
(p.218 dated 21st February 1761.)

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting entitled the Actor King.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9019.

This is shown in AdE IV, p.197, tav.42 and described as being found in the excavations of Portici, in February 1761.

According to Pagano & Prisciandaro, other paintings and fragments of paintings were found in the area of the Palaestra in February 1761.

See Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli. Naples: Nicola Longobardi.

(p.218 dated 21st February 1761.)

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting of a young nude hero sitting on a golden chair with a sword leaning against it.
Next to him stands another young nude, but missing his head and right arm, and on the left, only half a horse can be seen.  
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9020
This is shown in AdE IV, 211, 44, and described as being found together with the preceding painting in the month of February 1761 at Portici.
See also Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli.  Naples: Nicola Longobardi. 
(p.218 dated 21st February 1761.)

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting of a young nude hero sitting on a golden chair with a sword leaning against it.

Next to him stands another young nude, but missing his head and right arm, and on the left, only half a horse can be seen. 

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9020

This is shown in AdE IV, p.211, Tav.44, and described as being found together with the preceding painting in the month of February 1761 at Portici.

See also Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli. Naples: Nicola Longobardi.

(p.218 dated 21st February 1761.)

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting of a musical concert.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9021
This is shown in AdE IV, 207, 43, and described as being found together with the preceding paintings in the month of February 1761 at Portici.
According to Pagano & Prisciandaro, this painting was recomposed from two fragments found in the area of the Palaestra in February 1761.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting of a musical concert.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9021

This is shown in AdE IV, p.207, tav.43, and described as being found together with the preceding paintings in the month of February 1761 at Portici.

According to Pagano & Prisciandaro, this painting was recomposed from two fragments found in the area of the Palaestra in February 1761.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting of girl having her hair dressed
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9022.
This is shown in AdE IV, 207, 43, and described as being found together with the preceding paintings in the month of February 1761 at Portici.
According to Pagano & Prisciandaro, this painting was recomposed from fragments found in the area of the Palaestra in February 1761.
According to Parslow, in February 1761 a shaft was sunk from one of the upper level rooms of the Palaestra down into one of the rooms flanking the great apsidal hall.
By luck this narrow shaft dropped directly onto a series of small mounted paintings resting on the mosaic floor and leaning up against one wall.
See Parslow, C. C. (1998). Rediscovering Antiquity, Cambridge Univ. Press, ((p.148-149, and fig.41)

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting of girl having her hair dressed

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9022.

This is shown in AdE IV, p.207, tav.43, and described as being found together with the preceding paintings in the month of February 1761 at Portici.

According to Pagano & Prisciandaro, this painting was recomposed from fragments found in the area of the Palaestra in February 1761.

 

According to Parslow, in February 1761 a shaft was sunk from one of the upper level rooms of the Palaestra down into one of the rooms flanking the great apsidal hall.

By luck this narrow shaft dropped directly onto a series of small mounted paintings resting on the mosaic floor and leaning up against one wall.

See Parslow, C. C. (1998). Rediscovering Antiquity, Cambridge Univ. Press, ((p.148-149, and fig.41)

 

According to Grasso, these small mounted paintings were provenanced from Ins. Orientalis. II.4/19 and are now in Naples Archaeological Museum.

They include -

NAP 9019, p.164, no 47,

NAP 9020, p.165, no 48,

NAP 9021, p 163, no 46,

NAP 9022, p.162, no 45,

NAP 9726, p.135, no 25,

NAP 9735, p.136, no 26,

NAP 8993, p.110, no.8,

See Bragantini, I, and Sampaolo, V, eds. La Pittura Pompeiana. Naples, Electa. (see above for page numbers)

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting found in February 1761.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9726.
This is shown in AdE I, p.223, tav.42 and is shown as Scavi of Resina, but with no date or place mentioned.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting found in February 1761.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9726.

This is shown in AdE I, p.223, tav.42 and is shown as Scavi of Resina, but with no date or place mentioned.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting found in February 1761.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9735.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting found in February 1761.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9735.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting found in February 1761.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 8993.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting found in February 1761.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 8993.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Found 19th/21st February 1761. 
Fragment of a young sitting faun playing the pipes, but only the legs, head and small part of the body remain. 
Nearby are the legs of another young person.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9141.
See Le Antichita di Ercolano esposte Tomo 4, Le Pitture Antiche di Ercolano 4, 1765, Tav 29, 139.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Found 19th/21st February 1761.

Fragment of a young sitting faun playing the pipes, but only the legs, head and small part of the body remain.

Nearby are the legs of another young person.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9141.

See Le Antichita di Ercolano esposte Tomo 4, Le Pitture Antiche di Ercolano 4, 1765, Tav 29, 139.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Found 19th/21st February 1761. Old 19th century photo.
Fragment of a sitting man playing the lyre and with another figure at his feet listening to him, but part of the head is missing.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9816.
See Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli.  Naples: Nicola Longobardi, p. 218.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Found 19th/21st February 1761. Old 19th century photo.

Fragment of a sitting man playing the lyre and with another figure at his feet listening to him, but part of the head is missing.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9816.

See Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli.  Naples: Nicola Longobardi, p. 218.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Found 19th/21st February 1761. Three very curious fragments of plaster. 
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9906.
See Le Antichità di Ercolano esposte Tomo 4, Le Pitture Antiche di Ercolano 4, 1765, Tav 51, 245.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Found 19th/21st February 1761. Three very curious fragments of plaster.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9906.

See Le Antichità di Ercolano esposte Tomo 4, Le Pitture Antiche di Ercolano 4, 1765, Tav 51, 245.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Found 19th February 1761. Frragment of plaster showing a young girl dressed in green holding a bird in her hands. 
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9906.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Found 19th February 1761. Fragment of plaster showing a young girl dressed in green holding a bird in her hands.

The top left fragment and the young girl match the AdE 4, Tav 51, 245 drawing above, but the centre fragment is different.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9906.

 

Ins. Or. II.4, Herculaneum. 1975. Looking north across towards steps from palestra, looking towards recess in palestra portico. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.   
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J75f0688

Ins. Or. II.4, Herculaneum. 1975.

Looking west across towards steps from palaestra, looking towards large room with recess in palaestra portico.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.  

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J75f0688

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking west towards the large apsed room, which opens out into the centre of the portico. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013.

Looking west towards the large apsed room, which opens out into the centre of the west portico.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Ins Or II, 4, Herculaneum. June 2005. Looking west to large apsed room. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.4, Herculaneum. June 2005. Looking west to large apsed room. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Remaining decoration on west and north wall of apsed room.  Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Remaining decoration on west and north wall of apsed room.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. West end of apsed room, with large niche set into west wall. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013.

West end of apsed room, with large niche set into west wall.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Ins. Or. II.4, Herculaneum. 1975. Looking north towards recess in palestra portico. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.   
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J75f0689

Ins. Or. II.4, Herculaneum. 1975. Looking west towards recess in palaestra portico.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.  

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J75f0689

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Details from west end of apsed room, a large marble table with legs terminating in eagle’s claws.  Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013.

Details from west end of apsed room, a large marble table with legs terminating in eagle’s claws.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Detail of marble table in apsed room.
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Detail of marble table in apsed room.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Detail of marble table in apsed room. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Detail of marble table in apsed room. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Detail of eagles’s claw. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Detail of eagle’s claw. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum Palestra August 2013 Ferebee P1210431

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Flooring. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, May 2001. 
Looking west towards the large apsed room, which opens out into the centre of the west portico, from roadway above.
The room on the north side of the large apsed room, on right of it, has the remaining decoration as photographed below.
Photo courtesy of Current Archaeology.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, May 2001.

Looking west towards the large apsed room, which opens out into the centre of the west portico, from roadway above.

The room on the north side of the large apsed room, on right of it, has the remaining decoration as photographed below.

Photo courtesy of Current Archaeology.

 

Ins. Or. II.4, Herculaneum. December 2004. Looking west across the roof of Sala III, lower centre.

On the left is the rear wall of the apsed room of the Palaestra. At the rear of this are the upper rooms of the Bakery at Ins.Or.II.8.

On the right, behind the roof of Sala III, is the upper area of Ins. Or.II.9.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins. Or. II.4, Herculaneum. December 2004. Looking west across the roof of Sala III on north side of apsed room, lower left.

On the left is the rear wall of the apsed room of the Palaestra. At the rear of this are the upper rooms of the Bakery at Ins.Or.II.8.

The stairs, on the right, are in Ins. V.30.  Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins Or II, 4, Herculaneum. December 2004. Looking north towards doorway leading into room “III”.
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.4, Herculaneum. December 2004. Looking north towards doorway leading into room “III”.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, February 2007. South wall of room “III”. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, February 2007. South wall of room “III”. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, February 2007. South-west corner of room “III”. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, February 2007. South-west corner of room “III”. Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins Or II, 4, Herculaneum. December 2004. 
Large masonry pilaster on north side of large apsed room, looking west across portico. 
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.4, Herculaneum. December 2004.

Large masonry pilaster on north side of large apsed room, looking west across portico.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins Or II, 4, Herculaneum. December 2004. Detail of holes for support beams in masonry pilaster of west portico.
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.4, Herculaneum. December 2004. Detail of holes for support beams in masonry pilaster of west portico.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins Or II, 4, Herculaneum. December 2004. South wall of rectangular area, on north side of the three central rooms.
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.4, Herculaneum. December 2004. South wall of rectangular area, on north side of the three central rooms.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

Ins Or II, 4, Herculaneum. December 2004. Detail of south wall of rectangular area.
Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

Ins. Or. II.4, Herculaneum. December 2004. Detail of south wall of rectangular area.

Photo courtesy of Nicolas Monteix.

 

 

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