HerculaneuminPictures

 

 




Herculaneum. Villa dei Papiri or Villa of the Papyri or Villa dei Pisoni.

First excavated 1750-1761, accessed by a series of wells and tunnels.

Excavated again 1764-65, 1996-1998 and from 2008.

Part 1.    The complex and the atrium area.

The complex   Atrium   Lower levels   Reconstructions   Getty Villa and the Jashemskis   Model   Monumental structure   Baths   House of the Dionysiac Reliefs and Pavilion   Sculptures   Frescoes   Plan

On this page: Bibliography   Excavations   The Villa dei Papiri complex   The atrium area

Bibliography

 

Barker E. R., 1908. Buried Herculaneum. London: A and C Black.

Comparetti D. and De Petra G., 1883.  La Villa Ercolanese de Pisone. Torino: Ermanno Loescher

Mattusch C. C., 2010. Programming Sculpture? Collection and Display in the Villa of the Papyri. In The Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum. De Gruyter: Berlin, pp. 79-88.

Moormann E. M., 2009. Pitture parietali nella Villa dei Papiri a Ercolano :Vecchi rinvenimenti e nuove scoperte, in Vesuviana. Archeologia a confronto. Atti del Convegno internazionale (Bologna, 14-16 gennaio 2008

Waldstein C., 1908. Herculaneum Past Present and Future. London: Macmillan.

Wallace-Hadrill, A. (2011). Herculaneum, Past and Future. London, Frances Lincoln.

Excavations

1750: Villa of the Papyri, the finding of some buildings and a circular loggia recovered a precious flooring inlaid with polychrome marble (the same that today forms the flooring of a circular room of the Pinacoteca of Naples Museum). It was the belvedere of a garden of a patrician villa.

1752: The central body of the villa, and a second peristyle repeating in minor proportions the larger peristyle of the garden.

1753: The find that made Herculaneum known the world over, in a narrow room, almost humble, were arranged around the walls, on wooden shelves or closed in capsae or spilled on the floor, a large mass of cylindrical rolls. It was a library, a whole library of not less than 1800 Papyri mainly in Greek, but a lesser part in Latin.

1763: The excavation of the villa was not accomplished: the foul-smelling gas coming from the subsoil (the moféta) forced abandonment and in 1763, the mouths of the tunnels and the wells were closed  preventing access and ventilation, the Villa dei Papiri or, as was said, the Villa dei Pisoni, descendants of that Lucio Calpurni Pisone Cesonino, who was Caesar's father-in-law and the enemy of Cicero, returned to the deep silence of its double shell of hardened mud and fire.

See Maiuri, A., 2008. Cronache degli scavi di Ercolano, 1927-1961. Sorrento: Franco Di Mauro Editore, (pp. 23ff)

 

According to Guidobaldi, there was a brief respite in 1764-5 when further excavation was carried out, before gas forced the closure of the access wells.

See Guidobaldi M. P., 2009. Ercolano: Guida agli scavi. Electa Napoli, p. 121.

 

During 1996-8, open-air excavations, the so-called Scavi Nuovi, were carried out in the area of the Villa of Papyri and the so-called North-west Insula.

See Pesando, F. and Guidobaldi, M.P. (2006). Pompei, Oplontis, Ercolano, Stabiae. Editori Laterza, (p.292).

 

According to Wallace-Hadrill, “until a modern campaign of excavations is carried out, the relationship between the Villa and Herculaneum will be limited. The 1996-1999 excavations only uncovered a corner of the villa, limited to the atrium area. By opening a vast trench to connect the villa to the main site and by taking the excavation down to the level of the ancient shore, it demonstrated that both the villa and the houses on the western edge of the town had lower levels reaching down to the shore. This excavation showed the magnificence of the lower terrace of the villa, with its pool close to the sea-shore. Simultaneously it demonstrated the splendour of the house at the western edge of the town, decorated with neo-Attic reliefs.

See Wallace-Hadrill, A., 2011. Herculaneum Past and Present. London: Frances Lincoln, p. 118.

 

The Villa dei Papiri complex.

 

Villa dei Papiri complex, June 2014. Overview of site, looking west.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.
From front to back are:
The double roof of the House of the Dionysiac Reliefs, seaside pavilion.     
The paler coloured roof around the corner is the House of the Dionysiac Reliefs.
The tall building of the baths.
The white roof covering the collapsed monumental structure.
The levels of the Villa dei Papiri itself.

Villa dei Papiri complex, June 2014. Overview of site, looking west.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

From front to back are:

The double roof of the House of the Dionysiac Reliefs, seaside pavilion.    

The paler coloured roof around the corner is the House of the Dionysiac Reliefs.

The tall building of the baths.

The white roof covering the collapsed monumental structure.

The levels of the Villa dei Papiri itself.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Looking north-west across large trench towards site of Villa, top centre-right.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Looking north-west across large trench towards site of Villa, top centre-right.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum.2006. Excavation trench running to the Villa of the Papyri before conservation work.
Photo by kind permission of Prof. Andrew Wallace-Hadrill.
See Wallace-Hadrill, A. (2011). Herculaneum, Past and Future. London, Frances Lincoln Ltd., p. 87.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum.2006. Excavation trench running to the Villa of the Papyri before conservation work.

Photo by kind permission of Prof. Andrew Wallace-Hadrill.

See Wallace-Hadrill, A. (2011). Herculaneum, Past and Future. London, Frances Lincoln Ltd., p. 87.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2004. Looking north-west. Photo courtesy of Jennifer Stephens. ©jfsPAP0658

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2004. Looking north-west. Photo courtesy of Jennifer Stephens. ©jfsPAP0658

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. 
Looking north towards baths complex, on left, and residential complex, on right.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010.

Looking north towards baths complex, on left, and residential complex, on right.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Looking north-west along access ramp to villa.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Looking north-west along access ramp to villa.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. June 2012. Looking north-west along access ramp to villa.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. June 2012. Looking north-west along access ramp to villa.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. Plan of villa showing the only excavated area that is in the open-air (D) in thicker black lines.
In 2008 excavations recommenced at the site. 
The building has now been closed to the public so that archaeologists can excavate the frescoed rooms on the lower ground floor. 
Conservation of the mosaics and frescoes already found is also being carried out to protect them from damp and erosion.
You are advised to check with the archaeological site authorities to see if this has changed before trying to visit.
See Guidobaldi, M. P., 2006. Ercolano: guida agli scavi. Electa Napoli, p. 122.
See Pesando F., Guidobaldi M., 2006. Pompei, Oplontis, Ercolano, Stabiae. Roma: Laterza, p. 393.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. Plan of villa showing the only excavated area that is in the open-air (D) in thicker black lines.

In 2008 excavations recommenced at the site.

The building has now been closed to the public so that archaeologists can excavate the frescoed rooms on the lower ground floor.

Conservation of the mosaics and frescoes already found is also being carried out to protect them from damp and erosion.

You are advised to check with the archaeological site authorities to see if this has changed before trying to visit.

See Guidobaldi, M. P., 2006. Ercolano: guida agli scavi. Electa Napoli, p. 122.

See Pesando F., Guidobaldi M., 2006. Pompei, Oplontis, Ercolano, Stabiae. Roma: Laterza, p. 393.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Ramp leading to lower and upper levels of the villa.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.
According to Guidobaldi and Esposito, there are at least two lower levels below the main atrium level.
The first lower level has a façade covered in smooth white plaster and is marked by large quadrangular windows.
Four of these windows also have splayed oculi above and there is a series of at least six rooms (I-VI) on this level.
See Esposito D. and Guidobaldi M., 2010. New Archaeological Research at the Villa of the Papyri, in the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum. Berlin: De Gruyter, pp. 33ff, fig. 23.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Ramp leading to lower and upper levels of the villa.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

 

The atrium area

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. Atrium level sketch plan. Based on 2006 plan by Pastore.
The room numbers are those used on these pompeiiinpictures pages for this level of the villa.
See Pesando, F. and Guidobaldi, M.P. (2006). Pompei, Oplontis, Ercolano, Stabiae. Editori Laterza, (p. 398).

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. Atrium level sketch plan. Based on 2006 plan by Pastore.

The room numbers are those used on these Herculaneuminpictures pages for this level of the villa.

See Pesando, F. and Guidobaldi, M.P. (2006). Pompei, Oplontis, Ercolano, Stabiae. Editori Laterza, (p. 398).

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Looking west across walkway a with white and black mosaic floor.
From right, doorway to triclinium room (i), corridor (h), room (g), room (b), corridor (t), room (s) and room (u).
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Looking west across walkway a with white and black mosaic floor.

From right, doorway to triclinium room (i), corridor (h), room (g), room (b), corridor (t), room (s) and room (u).

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. 
Looking north across triclinium, room (i), with white and black mosaic. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010.

Looking north across triclinium, room (i), with white and black mosaic. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. June 2012. North-west corner of triclinium, room (i).
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. June 2012. North-west corner of triclinium, room (i).

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. North-west corner of triclinium, room (I), fresco with part of a torso scantily wrapped in a strand of cloth.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.
According to Moormann, this shows a tall woman, standing in front of a red plate, of which some fragments have been found in room (i). She wears a cloak moved by the wind and holds a thin branch rod, probably a thyrsus, with the left hand against the shoulder. The height of the fragment, almost one metre, is an indication to classify the figure as a fragment of a megalography. I refer again to the specimen of Terzigno which is contemporary. The decoration adorns a luxurious triclinium, overlooking the sea, and brings to the villa the aspect of a pastime caught during a moment of relaxation, that is the otium. We have such a situation more or less equal to that of the famous room (5) of the Villa of the Mysteries in Pompeii, from which visitors could look towards the sea through a porch.
See Moormann E. M., 2009. Pitture parietali nella Villa dei Papiri a Ercolano :Vecchi rinvenimenti e nuove scoperte, in Vesuviana. Archeologia a confronto. Atti del Convegno internazionale (Bologna, 14-16 gennaio 2008), pp. 159, Fig. 8.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. North-west corner of triclinium, room (I), fresco with part of a torso scantily wrapped in a strand of cloth.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

According to Moormann, this shows a tall woman, standing in front of a red plate, of which some fragments have been found in room (i).

She wears a cloak moved by the wind and holds a thin branch rod, probably a thyrsus, with the left hand against the shoulder.

The height of the fragment, almost one metre, is an indication to classify the figure as a fragment of a megalography.

I refer again to the specimen of Terzigno which is contemporary.

The decoration adorns a luxurious triclinium, overlooking the sea, and brings to the villa the aspect of a pastime caught during a moment of relaxation, that is the otium.

We have such a situation more or less equal to that of the famous room (5) of the Villa of the Mysteries in Pompeii, from which visitors could look towards the sea through a porch.

See Moormann E. M., 2009. Pitture parietali nella Villa dei Papiri a Ercolano :Vecchi rinvenimenti e nuove scoperte, in Vesuviana. Archeologia a confronto. Atti del Convegno internazionale (Bologna, 14-16 gennaio 2008), pp. 159, Fig. 8.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Looking north across room (i).
The metal walk-way on the right is above the area of room (m). Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Looking north across room (i).

The metal walk-way on the right is above the area of room (m). Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Corridor h, with mosaics in opus tessellatum (woven style).
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.
White regular cubic tesserae form a white background of oblique courses that is characterized by the irregular dotting of black tesserae, limestone fragments and coloured marbles, and can be ascribed to the Second Style.
The walls of corridor (h) were built in opus reticulatum with 8– 10 cm wide irregularly arranged cubilia; they were
extensively damaged and in a number of cases the wall surface was missing.
Until the most recent excavation the corridor was still full of the backfilling material of a Bourbon tunnel that ran at its entire length, as indicated by Weber’s plan. To avoid possible landslides and the collapse of the structure, the tunnel had been closed with a retaining wall erected with waste material. The presence of wall painting fragments in the filling of the tunnel suggests that the Bourbon workers used materials taken from the nearby rooms.

See Esposito D. and Guidobaldi M., 2010. New Archaeological Research at the Villa of the Papyri, in the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum. Berlin: De Gruyter, p. 25, fig. 5, fig. 4.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Corridor h, with mosaics in opus tessellatum (woven style).

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

White regular cubic tesserae form a white background of oblique courses that is characterized by the irregular dotting of black tesserae, limestone fragments and coloured marbles, and can be ascribed to the Second Style.

The walls of corridor (h) were built in opus reticulatum with 8– 10 cm wide irregularly arranged cubilia; they were

extensively damaged and in a number of cases the wall surface was missing.

Until the most recent excavation the corridor was still full of the backfilling material of a Bourbon tunnel that ran at its entire length, as indicated by Weber’s plan. To avoid possible landslides and the collapse of the structure, the tunnel had been closed with a retaining wall erected with waste material. The presence of wall painting fragments in the filling of the tunnel suggests that the Bourbon workers used materials taken from the nearby rooms.

See Esposito D. and Guidobaldi M., 2010. New Archaeological Research at the Villa of the Papyri, in the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum. Berlin: De Gruyter, p. 25, fig. 5, fig. 4.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. 2009. Room (g). In the recent excavation carried out in room (g), a layer of residual collapsed material of about 1m square was found still piled up at its south-east corner (rear right in this photo). This layer contained the collapsed wall paintings which once decorated that corner of the room. 
It must be noted that due to the extreme frailty of the stratigraphic context and the complexity of the intervention aimed at recovering the plaster fragments, the excavation was carried out by the restorers with the help of the archaeologist in order to reconstruct the decorative apparatus. It was therefore possible to recover all the collapsed plaster fragments and to reconstruct almost completely the decorative scheme on the south-east corner of the wall.
See Esposito D. and Guidobaldi M., 2010. New Archaeological Research at the Villa of the Papyri, in the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum. Berlin: De Gruyter, p. 26, fig. 6, fig. 7, note 8.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. 2009. Room (g). In the recent excavation carried out in room (g), a layer of residual collapsed material of about 1m square was found still piled up at its south-east corner (rear right in this photo). This layer contained the collapsed wall paintings which once decorated that corner of the room.

It must be noted that due to the extreme frailty of the stratigraphic context and the complexity of the intervention aimed at recovering the plaster fragments, the excavation was carried out by the restorers with the help of the archaeologist in order to reconstruct the decorative apparatus. It was therefore possible to recover all the collapsed plaster fragments and to reconstruct almost completely the decorative scheme on the south-east corner of the wall.

See Esposito D. and Guidobaldi M., 2010. New Archaeological Research at the Villa of the Papyri, in the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum. Berlin: De Gruyter, p. 26, fig. 6, fig. 7, note 8.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. June 2012. Looking towards doorway to room (f).
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. June 2012. Looking towards doorway to room (f).

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. June 2012. Doorway to room (f). Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. June 2012. Doorway to room (f). Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Looking north across room (f).
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Looking north across room (f). Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Multicolour geometric mosaic floor in room (f).
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Multicolour geometric mosaic floor in room (f).

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2004. 
Looking north across multicolour geometric mosaic floor in room (f).
Photo courtesy of Jennifer Stephens.
©jfsPAP0671

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2004.

Looking north across multicolour geometric mosaic floor in room (f).

Photo courtesy of Jennifer Stephens. ©jfsPAP0671

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2004. Detail of multicolour geometric mosaic floor in room (f).
Photo courtesy of Jennifer Stephens.
©jfsPAP0672

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2004. Detail of multicolour geometric mosaic floor in room (f).

Photo courtesy of Jennifer Stephens. ©jfsPAP0672

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Looking east across western walkway (a).
From left, corridor (u), room (s), corridor (t), room (f), room (b), room (g), corridor (h), room (i).
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Looking east across western walkway (a).

From left, corridor (u), room (s), corridor (t), room (f), room (b), room (g), corridor (h), room (i).

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Corridor (t).
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Corridor (t).

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. 
Looking east across room (r), at the rear of room (s), on right. 
Ahead is the area of room (d) the ala, and atrium (c), looking towards the room (e), the other ala, with painted remains in north-east corner.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.
According to Guidobaldi and Esposito, a limited excavation survey was carried out in room (s) to verify the presence of the pavement. 
The survey, carried out along the east wall, confirmed that the pavement of the room, in opus tessellatum, must have rested upon a flat floor supported by wooden beams, which collapsed at the time of the 79 C.E. eruption.
It is probable, therefore, that the floor is still in situ, but subsided under several dozens of centimetres of collapsed material.
See Esposito D. and Guidobaldi M., 2010. New Archaeological Research at the Villa of the Papyri, in the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum. Berlin: De Gruyter, p. 28, notes 14 and 15.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010.

Looking east across room (r), at the rear of room (s), on right.

Ahead is the area of room (d) the ala, and atrium (c), looking towards the room (e), the other ala, with painted remains in north-east corner.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

According to Guidobaldi and Esposito, a limited excavation survey was carried out in room (s) to verify the presence of the pavement.

The survey, carried out along the east wall, confirmed that the pavement of the room, in opus tessellatum, must have rested upon a flat floor supported by wooden beams, which collapsed at the time of the 79 C.E. eruption.

It is probable, therefore, that the floor is still in situ, but subsided under several dozens of centimetres of collapsed material.

See Esposito D. and Guidobaldi M., 2010. New Archaeological Research at the Villa of the Papyri, in the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum. Berlin: De Gruyter, p. 28, notes 14 and 15.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Room (r), detached wall decoration in store.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.
See Esposito D., 2010. Le Pitture della Villa dei Papiri ad Ercolano in La Villa Romaine de Boscoreale et ses fresques. édicions errance: Musée royal de Mariemont, p. 220, fig. 17.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Room (r), detached wall decoration in store.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

See Esposito D., 2010. Le Pitture della Villa dei Papiri ad Ercolano in La Villa Romaine de Boscoreale et ses fresques. édicions errance: Musée royal de Mariemont, p. 220, fig. 17.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Room (r), detail of glass fruit bowl from detached wall decoration.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.
See Esposito D., 2010. Le Pitture della Villa dei Papiri ad Ercolano in La Villa Romaine de Boscoreale et ses fresques. édicions errance: Musée royal de Mariemont, p. 225, fig. 21.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Room (r), detail of glass fruit bowl from detached wall decoration.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

See Esposito D., 2010. Le Pitture della Villa dei Papiri ad Ercolano in La Villa Romaine de Boscoreale et ses fresques. édicions errance: Musée royal de Mariemont, p. 225, fig. 21.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Looking into a Bourbon tunnel behind room (r).
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Looking into a Bourbon tunnel behind room (r).

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Mosaic floor in Bourbon tunnel behind room (r).

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Mosaic floor in Bourbon tunnel behind room (r).

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. 
Looking east across room (c), the atrium, with black tessellated flooring with coloured chippings.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010.

Looking east across room (c), the atrium, with black tessellated flooring with coloured chippings.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. June 2012. Looking west across room (c), the atrium towards room (d).
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. June 2012. Looking west across room (c), the atrium towards room (d).

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. 2009. Room (d), looking west from room (c), the atrium.
In the recent excavations three minor clearing surveys were carried out at the openings towards tablinum (b) and alae (d) and (e). During these surveys the remains of mosaics adorning the thresholds of these rooms, which were removed during the Bourbon exploration, were recovered. It is probable that these thresholds can be recognized among some of the flooring now stored in the apartments of the Reggia of Portici. 
See Pagano, M. Mosaici romani nella reggia di Portici, in: Atti del VII Colloquia dell'Associazione italiana per lo studio e la conservazione del mosaico, Pompei, 22-25 marzo 2000, ed. by A. Paribeni (Ravenna 2001), esp. 337–338 and fig. 5 – 8.
See Esposito D. and Guidobaldi M., 2010. New Archaeological Research at the Villa of the Papyri, in the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum. Berlin: De Gruyter, p. 26, fig. 6, fig. 7, note 8.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. 2009. Room (d), looking west from room (c), the atrium.

In the recent excavations three minor clearing surveys were carried out at the openings towards tablinum (b) and alae (d) and (e). During these surveys the remains of mosaics adorning the thresholds of these rooms, which were removed during the Bourbon exploration, were recovered. It is probable that these thresholds can be recognized among some of the flooring now stored in the apartments of the Reggia of Portici.

See Pagano, M. Mosaici romani nella reggia di Portici, in: Atti del VII Colloquia dell'Associazione italiana per lo studio e la conservazione del mosaico, Pompei, 22-25 marzo 2000, ed. by A. Paribeni (Ravenna 2001), esp. 337–338 and fig. 5 – 8.

See Esposito D. and Guidobaldi M., 2010. New Archaeological Research at the Villa of the Papyri, in the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum. Berlin: De Gruyter, p. 26, fig. 6, fig. 7, note 8.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. June 2012. Looking north in atrium, room (c), across black tessellated flooring with coloured chippings to impluvium. 
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.
During the recent clean-up of the impluvium basin, it has been possible to identify the imprints of the slabs removed at the time of the Bourbon excavation in the mortar bed of the impluvium. There is also evidence of the passage of a Bourbon tunnel, which seems to stop at the northern border of the impluvium. 
See Esposito D. and Guidobaldi M., 2010. New Archaeological Research at the Villa of the Papyri, in the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum. Berlin: De Gruyter, p. 28.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. June 2012. Looking north in atrium, room (c), across black tessellated flooring with coloured chippings to impluvium.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

During the recent clean-up of the impluvium basin, it has been possible to identify the imprints of the slabs removed at the time of the Bourbon excavation in the mortar bed of the impluvium. There is also evidence of the passage of a Bourbon tunnel, which seems to stop at the northern border of the impluvium.

See Esposito D. and Guidobaldi M., 2010. New Archaeological Research at the Villa of the Papyri, in the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum. Berlin: De Gruyter, p. 28.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. North-east corner of ala, room (e), with remains of painted plaster.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. North-east corner of ala, room (e), with remains of painted plaster.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. June 2012. North-east corner of ala, room (e), with remains of painted plaster.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. June 2012. North-east corner of ala, room (e), with remains of painted plaster.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. June 2012. North wall in north-east corner of ala, room (e).
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. June 2012. North wall in north-east corner of ala, room (e).

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. North wall of ala, room (e).
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.
De Simone and Ruffo place MANN 9423 here In the ala (e).
See De Simone, A. and F. Ruffo. Ercolano e la Villa dei Papiri alla luce dei nuovi scavi, CronErcol 33 (2003), p. 295-296, p. 298.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. North wall of ala, room (e).

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

De Simone and Ruffo place MANN 9423 here in the ala (e).

See De Simone, A. and F. Ruffo. Ercolano e la Villa dei Papiri alla luce dei nuovi scavi, CronErcol 33 (2003), p. 295-296, p. 298.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. North wall of ala, room (e). Fresco with sacred landscape and temples.
According to De Simone and Ruffo, this fresco came from this room.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9423.
See De Simone, A. and F. Ruffo. Ercolano e la Villa dei Papiri alla luce dei nuovi scavi, CronErcol 33 (2003), p. 298.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. North wall of ala, room (e). Fresco with sacred landscape and temples.

According to De Simone and Ruffo, this fresco came from this room.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9423.

See De Simone, A. and F. Ruffo. Ercolano e la Villa dei Papiri alla luce dei nuovi scavi, CronErcol 33 (2003), p. 298.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Looking east across room (l), triclinium.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Looking east across room (l), triclinium.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. 2004 Looking west across room l, triclinium.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. 2004. Looking west across room (l), triclinium.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Reproduction resin skulls and bones, destined for the boatsheds.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Reproduction resin skulls and bones, destined for the boatsheds.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Wooden remains in store.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Wooden remains in store.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Plaster remains in store.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Plaster remains in store.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Remains of Tegulae mammatae in store.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Remains of Tegulae mammatae in store.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Remains of wood in store.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Villa dei Papiri, Herculaneum. July 2010. Remains of wood in store.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

 

The complex   Atrium   Lower levels   Reconstructions   Getty Villa and the Jashemskis   Model   Monumental structure   Baths   House of the Dionysiac Reliefs and Pavilion   Sculptures   Frescoes   Plan

On this page: Bibliography   Excavations   The Villa dei Papiri complex   The atrium area