HerculaneuminPictures

Herculaneum South-east corner. Edificio con mostra in barca.

Building with boat exhibition.

 

Herculaneum Entrance and views across terrace      Terrace of Marcus Nonius Balbus      Suburban Baths, atrium and surrounding rooms      Suburban Baths, Waiting room, Frigidarium and Tepidarium      Suburban Baths Caldarium      Sacred Area Terrace      Shrine of Venus      Temple of four Gods      Terrace north-west corner      Ancient shoreline, arched vaults or boatsheds      Building with boat exhibition

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. 
Entrance to boat exhibit, and other artefacts. This can be found on the south side (left) of the access roadway.
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019.

Entrance to boat exhibit, and other artefacts. This can be found on the south side (left) of the access roadway.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Looking towards the boat in its support frame. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.
According to the information card –
“One of the most important discoveries on the ancient shoreline happened on 3rd August 1982, when the keel of a boat overturned by the force of the eruption began to emerge from the volcanic material in front of the Suburban Baths.
It lay on top of a debris layer made up of beams, pieces of wood, roof tiles and building materials that had been carried by the first volcanic flow from the city’s rooftops onto the beach below.
Later a faster and more destructive pyroclastic flow came into contact with the sea, creating eddies and seismic sea waves that knocked the boat over, hurling it onto the beach. During this event the boat was damaged by the large roof and floor beams from Herculaneum’s houses, which smashed the keel and bent the planking, ending up wedged there,
The boat was then buried by the subsequent pyroclastic flows and remained sealed in the volcanic material which quickly hardened, and as this kept out oxygen, the wood was preserved.”

Herculaneum, June 2019. Looking towards the boat in its support frame. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

According to the information card –

“One of the most important discoveries on the ancient shoreline happened on 3rd August 1982, when the keel of a boat overturned by the force of the eruption began to emerge from the volcanic material in front of the Suburban Baths.

It lay on top of a debris layer made up of beams, pieces of wood, roof tiles and building materials that had been carried by the first volcanic flow from the city’s rooftops onto the beach below.

Later a faster and more destructive pyroclastic flow came into contact with the sea, creating eddies and seismic sea waves that knocked the boat over, hurling it onto the beach. During this event the boat was damaged by the large roof and floor beams from Herculaneum’s houses, which smashed the keel and bent the planking, ending up wedged there,

The boat was then buried by the subsequent pyroclastic flows and remained sealed in the volcanic material which quickly hardened, and as this kept out oxygen, the wood was preserved.”

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Drawing of how the boat would have looked, detail from information card at exhibition.
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Drawing of how the boat would have looked, detail from information card at exhibition.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Looking towards stern of boat with attachment for rudder.
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Looking towards stern of boat with attachment for rudder.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Boat information card. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Boat information card. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Carbonised wooden boat found on 3rd August 1982 on the ancient beachfront. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Carbonised wooden boat found on 3rd August 1982 on the ancient beachfront.

Looking towards the stern. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Beachfront, Herculaneum, June 2012. Boat found on 3rd August 1982 on the ancient beachfront, the boat is about 10 metres in length.  Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Beachfront, Herculaneum, June 2012.

Boat found on 3rd August 1982 on the ancient beachfront, the boat is about 10 metres in length.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Information card, showing detail of wooden planking. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Information card, showing detail of wooden planking. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Looking towards stern, with V shaped element used for attaching the rudder.
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Looking towards stern, with V shaped element used for attaching the rudder.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Beachfront, Herculaneum, October 2012. Detail of boat. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Beachfront, Herculaneum, October 2012. Detail of stern of boat. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of wooden planking near stern of boat. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of wooden planking near stern of boat. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of wooden planking. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of wooden planking. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of wooden planking near stern on other side of boat. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of wooden planking near stern on other side of boat. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of carbonised wooden interior of boat. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of carbonised wooden interior of boat. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail from information card. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail from information card. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of exterior of carbonised wooden boat. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of exterior of carbonised wooden boat. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Exterior detail of element for attaching the rudder. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of element for attaching the rudder. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Exterior detail of element for attaching the rudder. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of element for attaching the rudder. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Exterior detail of element for attaching the rudder. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of element for attaching the rudder. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Exterior detail of element for attaching the rudder. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of element for attaching the rudder. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Exterior detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Exterior detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Beachfront, Herculaneum, October 2012. 
Looking towards stern of boat found on 3rd August 1982 on the ancient beachfront. 
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Beachfront, Herculaneum, October 2012.

Looking towards stern of boat found on 3rd August 1982 on the ancient beachfront.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Beachfront, Herculaneum, June 2019. Anchor with lead anchor stock, found in the sea in front of the seashore.
Now on display with the boat exhibit. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Beachfront, Herculaneum, June 2019. Anchor with lead anchor stock, found in the sea in front of the seashore.

Now on display with the boat exhibit. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of anchor found in the sea in front of Herculaneum’s seashore.
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of anchor found in the sea in front of Herculaneum’s seashore.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of anchor found in the sea in front of Herculaneum’s seashore.
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of anchor found in the sea in front of Herculaneum’s seashore.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of anchor found in the sea in front of Herculaneum’s seashore.
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of anchor found in the sea in front of Herculaneum’s seashore.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Wooden oars and anchor. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Wooden oars and anchor. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Carbonised wooden oars. 
Six oars were found in the bath building in Insula Occidentalis at Herculaneum, along with parts of other boats, a red prow in the shape of a serpent, a wooden rudder and a pile of planking ready for use. This shows that the bath building was not in use at the time of the eruption but had been transformed into a space for laying-up boats and storing maritime equipment.  Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Carbonised wooden oars.

Six oars were found in the bath building in Insula Occidentalis at Herculaneum.

Also found were parts of other boats, a red prow in the shape of a serpent, a wooden rudder and a pile of planking ready for use.

This shows that the bath building was not in use at the time of the eruption but had been transformed into a space for laying-up boats and storing maritime equipment.  Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Wooden oars, Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee

Herculaneum, June 2019. Wooden oars, Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Wooden oars, Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee

Herculaneum, June 2019. Wooden oars. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of wooden oars. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of wooden oars. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Wooden rudder. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Wooden rudder. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2014. Wooden rudder, now in deposits.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Herculaneum, June 2014. Wooden rudder. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Wooden rudder. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Wooden rudder. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail from wooden rudder. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail from wooden rudder. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Red prow in the shape of a serpent. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Red prow in the shape of a serpent. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2014. Red prow of a boat in the shape of a serpent’s head.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Herculaneum, June 2014. Red prow of a boat in the shape of a serpent’s head.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail from red prow in the shape of a serpent. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail from red prow in the shape of a serpent. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail from red prow in the shape of a serpent. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail from red prow in the shape of a serpent. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail from red prow in the shape of a serpent. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail from red prow in the shape of a serpent. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. 
Found in the SW Baths Complex in the Insula Occidentalis, a coil of rope on top of wooden planking.
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019.

Found in the SW Baths Complex in the Insula Occidentalis, a coil of rope on top of wooden planking.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Coil of rope found in the SW Baths Complex in the Insula Occidentalis.
The rope was found on top of some wooden planking, probably belonging to a boat that had been dismantled in the Roman period.
Various layers of leather had been placed on top of the rope, some of which preserves signs of stitching. 
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Coil of rope found in the SW Baths Complex in the Insula Occidentalis.

The rope was found on top of some wooden planking, probably belonging to a boat that had been dismantled in the Roman period.

Various layers of leather had been placed on top of the rope, some of which preserves signs of stitching.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of wooden planking and coil of rope found in the SW Baths Complex in the Insula Occidentalis.
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of wooden planking and coil of rope found in the SW Baths Complex in the Insula Occidentalis.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of coil of rope. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of coil of rope. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Found in the “area of the new excavations of the Insula Occidentalis”. 
Capstan used for pulling large boats ashore. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.
According to the information card –
“Even more exceptional is the winch found in the new excavations area of the Insula Occidentalis.
This seems to be a capstan, with its slots for the manoeuvring bars and elements for receiving the rope still well-preserved.
It is likely this was used in a maritime context, as there are direct parallels with the wooden winches used on ships and in ports until the nineteenth century.”

Herculaneum, June 2019. Found in the “area of the new excavations of the Insula Occidentalis”.

Capstan used for pulling large boats ashore. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

According to the information card –

“Even more exceptional is the winch found in the new excavations area of the Insula Occidentalis.

This seems to be a capstan, with its slots for the manoeuvring bars and elements for receiving the rope still well-preserved.

It is likely this was used in a maritime context, as there are direct parallels with the wooden winches used on ships and in ports until the nineteenth century.”

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. 
Types of amphorae used for wine, garum fish sauce, oil in large amphorae, high quality wine from the Aegean like the Cretan found in this smaller amphora, 
and dried fruits, like dates and plums, from the eastern Aegean and particularly the area of Palestine. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019.

Types of amphorae used for wine, garum fish sauce, oil in large amphorae, high quality wine from the Aegean like the Cretan found in this smaller amphora, and dried fruits, like dates and plums, from the eastern Aegean and particularly the area of Palestine. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Exhibition of finds in display case. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Exhibition of finds in display case. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Trawl line in a wicker basket. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.
According to the information card –
This wicker basket with its lid was recovered, then x-rayed to show it contained a trawl line, one of the oldest pieces of equipment used by fishermen in the Mediterranean. The long main rope was carefully laid in its container, hooks were attached to it at regular intervals with pieces of line.
The size of the hooks influenced which fish were caught, showing that the Romans were fishing selectively.
The preferred equipment of working fishermen were wide nets made of vegetable fibres, mainly flax, weighed down by lead weights and with cork floats (sagena) on the edges.
A lone fisherman working from the beach could use a casting net (iaculum), still widely used in the Bay of Naples until the last century.
This conical net was thrown with the opening downwards. Having reached the bottom, the net was then brought in, lines closed off the opening so that the fish could not get out. 
For calling and signalling, fishermen used a large shell, called a triton, with the point cut off. 
This was one of the largest gastropods in the Mediterranean, and it was used for this purpose throughout ancient times.”

Herculaneum, June 2019. Trawl line in a wicker basket. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

According to the information card –

This wicker basket with its lid was recovered, then x-rayed to show it contained a trawl line, one of the oldest pieces of equipment used by fishermen in the Mediterranean. The long main rope was carefully laid in its container, hooks were attached to it at regular intervals with pieces of line.

The size of the hooks influenced which fish were caught, showing that the Romans were fishing selectively.

The preferred equipment of working fishermen were wide nets made of vegetable fibres, mainly flax, weighed down by lead weights and with cork floats (sagena) on the edges.

A lone fisherman working from the beach could use a casting net (iaculum), still widely used in the Bay of Naples until the last century.

This conical net was thrown with the opening downwards. Having reached the bottom, the net was then brought in, lines closed off the opening so that the fish could not get out.

For calling and signalling, fishermen used a large shell, called a triton, with the point cut off.

This was one of the largest gastropods in the Mediterranean, and it was used for this purpose throughout ancient times.”

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. X-ray of wicker basket showing the hooks. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. X-ray of wicker basket showing the hooks. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of trawl line in wicker basket. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of trawl line in wicker basket. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of trawl line in wicker basket. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of trawl line in wicker basket. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of trawl line in wicker basket. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of trawl line in wicker basket. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of trawl line in wicker basket. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Detail of trawl line in wicker basket. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Lead weights. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Lead weights. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.\

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Bronze fishing hook. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Bronze fishing hook. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Lead fishing weights. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Lead fishing weights. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Shell (triton) used for signalling and calling. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Shell (triton) used for signalling and calling. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Bronze fishing hooks. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Bronze fishing hooks. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Cane containing bronze fishing hooks, and cork fishing net float.
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Cane containing bronze fishing hooks, and cork fishing net float.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum, June 2019. Bronze fishing net needles. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Herculaneum, June 2019. Bronze fishing net needles. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

 

Herculaneum Entrance and views across terrace      Terrace of Marcus Nonius Balbus      Suburban Baths, atrium and surrounding rooms      Suburban Baths, Waiting room, Frigidarium and Tepidarium      Suburban Baths Caldarium      Sacred Area Terrace      Shrine of Venus      Temple of four Gods      Terrace north-west corner      Ancient shoreline, arched vaults or boatsheds

 

 

 

 

The low resolution pictures on this site are copyright © of Jackie and Bob Dunn and MAY NOT IN ANY CIRCUMSTANCES BE USED FOR GAIN OR REWARD COMMERCIALLY. On concession of the Ministero dei Beni e delle Attività Culturali e del Turismo - Parco Archeologico di Ercolano. It is declared that no reproduction or duplication can be considered legitimate without the written authorization of the Parco Archeologico di Ercolano.

Le immagini fotografiche a bassa risoluzione pubblicate su questo web site sono copyright © di Jackie e Bob Dunn E NON POSSONO ESSERE UTILIZZATE, IN ALCUNA CIRCOSTANZA, PER GUADAGNO O RICOMPENSA COMMERCIALMENTE. Su concessione del Ministero dei Beni e delle Attività Culturali e del Turismo - Parco Archeologico di Ercolano. Si comunica che nessun riproduzione o duplicazione può considerarsi legittimo senza l'autorizzazione scritta del Parco Archeologico di Ercolano.

Ultimo aggiornamento - Last updated: 26-Feb-2020 23:30